CONCLUSION OF THE OFFICIAL REVIEW OF THE REPORTS UPON THE EXPLORATIONS AND SURVEYS FOR RAILROAD ROUTES FROM THE MISSISSIPPI RIVER TO THE PACIFIC OCEAN

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Page 19 - ... parallels, and between the Gila and Rio Grande. The report of the officer charged with these duties shows the proposed railroad line between the bay of San Francisco and the plain of Los Angeles to be an eminently practicable route. It occupies the valley of the San Jose...
Page 21 - ... passage of the western chain of the Sierra Nevada by following Pitt river. The route then traverses a sterile plateau elevated from four to five thousand feet above the sea, to the head of the Des Chutes river. Serious obstacles to the construction of a railroad are encountered at the canon of Pitt river, and near upper Klamath lake. Wood and water are sufficiently abundant. The deep canons in which the Des Chutes river and its tributaries flow render it impracticable for a railroad to follow...
Page 20 - Grande, of which the estimated cost is so nearly alike, are over different routes, the features of the ground, so far as they would affect the cost of construction of a railroad, are nearly identical ; the advantages of the new line depending upon other considerations already enumerated. Similar remarks may be applied to the estimated cost of the...
Page 20 - Diego, 1,548 miles ; from Fulton to San Pedro, 1,618 miles. If the final terminus of a Pacific railroad is to be San Francisco, the route through the San Gorgonio pass to San Pedro is preferable to that to San Diego, since the former port is about 100 miles nearer to San Francisco.
Page 19 - ... of the lakes. The necessity for exact knowledge of these inland seas, which form an exposed part of our frontier, is too obvious to require, elucidation. For more detailed information on the condition of these several works, reference is made to the report of the colonel of Topographical Engineers. A report is herewith submitted from the office of this Department connected with the explorations made to ascertain the most practicable route for a railroad to the Pacific, to which I refer for a...
Page 21 - Umpqua mountains and the Grave Creek hills are the chief obstacles to the construction of a railroad. An excellent pass through the first, and a difficult but practicable pass through the second, were surveyed. The Grave Creek hills, it is thought, can be turned. Information respecting a pass from Rogue River valley to the plateau east of the Cascade mountains makes it probable that an easy...
Page 19 - Tulares valley, was discovered by this party, forming a good connexion with the bay of San Francisco for the route of the 35th parallel. The results of the survey, it was formerly stated, have greatly improved the aspect of the first route surveyed between the Pimas villages on the Gila and the Rio Grande, by changing the line for nearly half the distance from barren ground to cultivable valleys, and entirely avoiding a jordana of eighty miles which occurs in that section.
Page 21 - Cascade range is through the Willamette, Umpqua, Rogue River, and Shasta valleys. It proved to be more favorable than had been anticipated, and had not the smallness of the party and its inability to obtain an escort during the existence of Indian hostilities prevented lateral reconnaissances, it appears probable that a practicable line to Fort Reading would have been found, traversing for nearly the whole distance a fertile and inhabited region. Between...
Page 16 - The point selected for the first trial was upon the Llano Estacado, near latitude 32°, about fourteen miles east of the Pecos, at the mouth of Delaware creek, where water for the use of the party could be conveniently obtained from the river.
Page 21 - Shasta valley, was very unfavorable to the construction of a railroad. From Shasta valley to Fort Reading the route over the Scott and Trinity mountains is reported utterly impracticable. A feasible location between these places might be obtained by following the Sacramento valley. The route east of the Cascade range may be considered practicable. The total distance by it from Benicia to Vancouver is about eight hundred miles, of which only three hundred and fifty miles are in a fertile and settled...

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