Citizens of Discord: Rome and Its Civil Wars
Brian Breed, Cynthia Damon, Andreola Rossi
Oxford University Press, Aug 26, 2010 - History - 352 pages
Civil wars, more than other wars, sear themselves into the memory of societies that suffer them. This is particularly true at Rome, where in a period of 150 years the Romans fought four epochal wars against themselves. The present volume brings together exciting new perspectives on the subject by an international group of distinguished contributors. The basis of the investigation is broad, encompassing literary texts, documentary texts, and material culture, spanning the Greek and Roman worlds. Attention is devoted not only to Rome's four major conflicts from the period between the 80s BC and AD 69, but the frame extends to engage conflicts both previous and much later, as well as post-classical constructions of the theme of civil war at Rome. Divided into four sections, the first ("Beginnings, Endings") addresses the basic questions of when civil war began in Rome and when it ended. "Cycles" is concerned with civil war as a recurrent phenomenon without end. "Aftermath" focuses on attempts to put civil war in the past, or, conversely, to claim the legacy of past civil wars, for better or worse. Finally, the section "Afterlife" provides views of Rome's civil wars from more distant perspectives, from those found in Augustan lyric and elegy to those in much later post-classical literary responses. As a whole, the collection sheds new light on the ways in which the Roman civil wars were perceived, experienced, and represented across a variety of media and historical periods.
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Actium Aeneas Aeneid Agamben Antony and Cleopatra Antony’s Appian army atque Augustan Augustus battle battle of Actium bellum brother Brutus Caesar Cassius Catiline Cato Cato’s century Cicero citizens civil conflict civil wars Concord concordia context death defeated dictatorship Dionysiac Dionysus discord discordia discussion elegy emperor empire enemies epic father Gaius Gallienus Gracchus Greek Hist Historia Augusta homo sacer Horace’s imperial intertextuality Italy killed Lepidus Livy Livy’s Lucan Maelius moral murder narrative Nero Nero’s Octavian Odaenathus passage period play Plutarch poem poet political Pompey’s present Propertius Pyrrhus Raaflaub republic republican res publica role Roman civil Roman civil war Roman history Rome Rome’s Romulus Sallust says scene senate Sextus Pompey Shakespeare shield soldiers story strife suggest Sulla’s Tacitus temple theme threat Thucydidean Thucydides Tiberius Tiberius Gracchus Trojans Valerius Varro Velleius victory violence Virgil virtus words