Evolutionary Medicine

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Wenda R. Trevathan, E. O. Smith, James J. McKenna
Oxford University Press, Jun 17, 1999 - Science - 496 pages
2 Reviews
Evolution is the single most important idea in modern biology, shedding light on virtually every biological question, from the shape of orchid blossoms to the distribution of species across the planet. Until recently, however, the theory has had little impact on medical research or practice. Evolutionary Medicine shows how this is beginning to change. Collecting work from leaders in the field, this volume describes an array of new and innovative approaches to human health that are based on an appreciation of our long evolutionary history. For example, it shows how evolution helps to explain the complex relationship between our immune systems and the virulence and transmission of human viruses. It also shows how comparisons between how we live today and how our hunter-gatherer ancestors lived thousands of years ago illuminate a variety of contemporary ills, including obesity, lower-back pain, and insomnia. Evolutionary Medicine covers issues at every stage of life, from infancy (colic, jaundice, SIDS, parent-infant sleep struggles, ear infections, breast-feeding, asthma) to adulthood (sexually transmitted diseases, depression, overeating, addictions, child abuse, cardiovascular disease, breast and ovarian cancer) to old age (osteoporosis, geriatric sleep problems). Written for a wide range of students and researchers in medicine, anthropology, and psychology, it is an invaluable guide to this rapidly developing field.

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1 Is Neonatal Jaundice a Disease or an Adaptive Process?
An Interpretation in Evolutionary Perspective
3 Breastfeeding and MotherInfant Cosleeping in Relation to SIDS Prevention
An Evolutionary Perspective
5 The Evolutionary Ecology of Childhood Asthma
6 Evolutionary Perspectives on the Onset of Puberty
Clinical Implications of the Evolutionary Perspective
8 Evolutionary Obstetrics
11 Evolutionary Control of HIV and Other Sexually Transmitted Viruses
12 Paleolithic Nutrition Revisited
13 Human Evolution Low Back Pain and DualLevel Control
14 What Darwinian Medicine Offers Psychiatry
15 Evolution Substance Abuse and Addiction
16 Menopause in Evolutionary Perspective
17 Breast Cancer in Evolutionary Context
18 Evolutionary Perspectives on Chronic Degenerative Diseases

9 Darwinian Medicine and the Emergence of Allergy
10 Using Evolution as a Tool for Controlling Infectious Diseases

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Page 467 - Executive Summary of the Third Report of the National Cholesterol Education Program (NCEP) Expert Panel on Detection, Evaluation, and Treatment of High Blood Cholesterol in Adults (Adult Treatment Panel III).
Page 468 - Randomized trial of cholesterol lowering in 4444 patients with coronary heart disease: the Scandinavian Simvastatin Survival Study (4S).
Page 421 - The Menopause.— A consideration of the phenomena which occur to women at the close of the child-bearing period, with incidental allusions to their relationship to menstruation. Also a particular consideration of the premature (especially the artificial ) menopause.

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