Recent Social Trends in the United States, 1960-1990
Many of the trends reflect the vigorous continuation of what Tocqueville called "the gradual progress of equality." Much of this progress resulted from successful government programs to reduce social inequality. These same programs expanded the role of government as the initiator and manager of social change. The enlargement of government functions that began in the 1960s and continues to this day, together with corporate and organizational consolidation in the private sector, changed the United States from a decentralized to a highly centralized nation. The transition has been uncomfortable, partly because centralization is not wholly compatible with other democratic values, and partly because American political institutions were originally designed to thwart centralization. This volume documents the trends involved in this transformation.
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Labor and Management
InstitutionaUzation of Social Forces
Integration and Marginalization
Attitudes and Values
State and Service Institutions
Appendix A International Research Group
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activities adults American Annual associations average Based on Statistical behavior blacks capita Caplow Census Codebook compact disks confidence consumer consumption continued crime Current Population Survey Davis and Smith decades decline dollars economic elections employees employment enrollment ethnic expenditures Federal Female Gallup Report groups growth high school Hispanic household illegitimacy income increased industrial inequality institutions labor force less major male marriage married Middletown million mobility occupational Opinion Research Center organizations participation parties patterns percent percentage period persons political Political Action Committee population pornography poverty problems production programs proportion Public Opinion rates ratio recent relative religion religious responses sector sexual shows Simon Langlois slightly social class Social Surveys SOURCE stability Statistical Abstract 1989 Table television Total trend U.S. Bureau unions United USGPO voluntary associations Washington women workers World War II York young