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ablat ablative accus accusative action active adjectives adverbs atum aud-iti castra CHAPTER clause commonly compounds conjugation consonants dative denote deponents derived dicere Eacceptions ending English expressed feminine fourth conjugation frequently fuit future passive Future Perfect gender genitive gerund Greek Greek words Hence imperative imperfect impersonal verb inchoatives indeclinable indicative infinitive intransitive irregular itum joined Latin language lec-tus loved masculine mihi milia mon-itus neut neuter nihil nominative Note.—The nouns occurs participle future passive voice Perf perfect and supine person pluperfect Plur plural preceding predicate preposition present pronoun quae quam quid quin quis quod quum relative pronoun rule second declension sense short signification Sing singular sometimes subjunctive substantives suffix sunt superlative supine syllables tenses termination thing third conjugation third declension thou tibi tion tive transitive verbs verbs vowel
Page 183 - 7. When the personal pronouns ego, tu, nos, vos, combined with one or more other nouns, form the subject of a proposition, the predicate follows the first person in preference to the second and third, and the second in preference to the third. Si tu et Tullia, lux nostra, valetis, ego et suavissimus Cicero valemus.
Page 245 - a relative pronoun with a noun of the leading sentence; but clauses which are introduced by means of particles of time (eg, as, when, although, since), may be expressed by participles, provided their subject occurs in the leading sentence. Est enim lex nihil aliud, nisi recta et a numine deorum tracta ratio, imperans honesta, prohibens contraria. Curio, ad focum sedenti, magnum auri pondus Samnites quum
Page 192 - with an accusative of the thing and a dative of the person, or with an accusative of the person and an ablative of the thing; eg, circumdo alicui custodias, or circumdo aliquem custodiis, and, consequently, in the passive voice, custodiae tibi circumdantur, or (tu)
Page 186 - 394.] 7. The following verbs (which in the passive voice have two nominatives) have in the active two accusatives, one of the object and the other of the predicate: dicere, vocare, appellare, nominare, nuncupare, also scribere, and inscribere;
Page 238 - be expressed with the infinitive when it is an indefinite person, for the Romans had no word to express the English " one" (French on), and hence we say ignoscere amico humanum est, to forgive a friend is humane, or it is humane that one (or we) should forgive a friend.
Page 19 - 4 5 ae i is us ei 1. In the second, third, and fourth declensions there are neuters which have three cases alike, viz., nominative, accusative, and vocative. All declensions have the following points in common: 2. The vocative is like the nominative, except in the singular of the second declension
Page 86 - (e) The first future active, by changing o into abo in the first conjugation, in the second into bo, and in the third and fourth into am. From this is formed the first future passive by adding r in the first and second conjugations, and by changing m into r in the third and fourth; eg, laudabo, laudabor;