A Peace to End All Peace: The Fall of the Ottoman Empire and the Creation of the Modern Middle East

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Avon Books, 1990 - Political Science - 635 pages
In our time the Middle East has proven a battleground of rival religions, ideologies, nationalisms, and dynasties. All of these conflicts, including the hostilities between Arabs and Israelis, come down, in a sense, to the extent to which the Middle East will continue to live with its political inheritance: the arrangements, unities, and divisions imposed upon the region by the Allies after the First World War. Here, author Fromkin reveals how and why the Allies came to remake the geography and politics of the Middle East, drawing lines on an empty map that eventually became the new countries of Iraq, Israel, Jordan, and Lebanon. Focusing on the formative years of 1914 to 1922, when all--even an alliance between Arab nationalism and Zionism--seemed possible, he raises questions about what might have been done differently, and answers questions about why things were done as they were.--From publisher description.

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User Review  - thcson - LibraryThing

This book describes the dissolution of the Ottoman empire in and after the first world war, with a very strong emphasis on British politics. It is, in fact, misleading to call this a "definitive ... Read full review

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User Review  - Hae-Yu - LibraryThing

This is the single best book to understanding the background to the modern Middle East regarding Israel and Palestine. I have found it referenced in pro-Israeli, anti-Israeli, pro-Palestinian, and pro ... Read full review

Contents

List of Illustrations and Maps
10
Photo Credits
11
Acknowledgments
12
A Note on Spelling
14
Introduction
15
At the Crossroads of History
22
THE LAST DAYS OF OLD EUROPE
23
THE LEGACY OF THE GREAT GAME IN ASIA
26
The Allies at the Nadir of Their Fortunes
229
THE OVERTHROW OF THE CZAR
239
THE NEW WORLD
253
LLOYD GEORGES ZIONISM
263
TOWARD THE BALFOUR DECLARATION
276
THE PROMISED LAND
284
JERUSALEM FOR CHRISTMAS
305
THE ROAD TO DAMASCUS
315

THE MIDDLE EAST BEFORE THE WAR
33
THE YOUNG TURKS URGENTLY SEEK AN ALLY
45
WINSTON CHURCHILL ON THE EVE OF WAR
51
CHURCHILL SEIZES TURKEYS WARSHIPS
54
AN INTRIGUE AT THE SUBLIME PORTE
62
Kitchener of Khartoum Looks Ahead
77
KITCHENER TAKES COMMAND
79
KITCHENERS LIEUTENANTS
88
KITCHENER SETS OUT TO CAPTURE ISLAM
96
INDIA PROTESTS
106
THE MAN IN THE MIDDLE
111
Britain is Drawn into the Middle Eastern Quagmire
117
THE TURKISH COMMANDERS ALMOST LOSE THE WAR
119
KITCHENER ALLOWS BRITAIN TO ATTACK TURKEY
124
ON TO VICTORY AT THE DARDANELLES
130
RUSSIAS GRAB FOR TURKEY
137
DEFINING BRITAINS GOALS IN THE MIDDLE EAST
146
AT THE NARROWS OF FORTUNE
150
THE WARRIORS
155
THE POLITICIANS
159
THE LIGHT THAT FAILED
163
CREATING THE ARAB BUREAU
168
MAKING PROMISES TO THE EUROPEAN ALLIES
188
TURKEYS TRIUMPH AT THE TIGRIS
200
BEHIND ENEMY LINES
207
KITCHENERS LAST MISSION
216
THE BATTLE FOR SYRIA
332
The Spoils of Victory
349
BY THE SHORES OF TROY
363
THE TICKING CLOCK
383
BETRAYAL
389
THE UNREAL WORLD OF THE PEACE CONFERENCES
403
19191921
415
THE SPRING OF 1919
421
JANUARY 1920
427
THE SPRING AND SUMMER OF 1920
435
1920
441
1920
449
1920
455
UNMASKING BRITAINS ENEMIES
465
THE SOVIET CHALLENGE IN THE MIDDLE EAST
471
A DEATH IN BUKHARA
480
The Middle Eastern Settlement of 1922
491
CHURCHILL AND THE QUESTION OF PALESTINE
515
THE ALLIANCES COME APART
530
A GREEK TRAGEDY
540
THE SETTLEMENT OF THE MIDDLE EASTERN QUESTION
558
Notes
569
Bibliography
607
Index
621
Copyright

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About the author (1990)

Historian David Fromkin is a professor at Boston University and the author of several acclaimed books of nonfiction. He lives in New York City.

Bibliographic information