The Aztecs, the Conquistadors, and the Making of Mexican Culture
Tracing events from the discovery of the New World through the fall of the Aztec empire in 1521, this book discusses the battles between the Spanish explorers and the Aztecs—battles that culminated in the ruin of a civilization. The first half of the work alternates between Aztec and Spanish history, discussing events and motivations on each side as the two cultures expanded toward one another on their way to inevitable conflict. Placing special emphasis on Aztec mythology and religious beliefs, the author explains how the Spanish exploited the Aztecs' own cultural practices to insure the success of their invasion. The gold-and-glory engines driving the Spanish Crown and the actions of contemporary Spanish explorers such as Juan Ponce de León and Francisco Cordoba are examined. The concluding chapters give a thorough account of the struggle between Hernán Cortés and the Aztec ruler Montezuma, including the role of other indigenous tribes in the eventual downfall of the empire. The final chapter details the siege of the Aztec capital, Tenochtitlan, and summarizes the ultimate destruction of the Aztec civilization.
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Thirteen The Long Road to Tlaxcala
Fourteen The Massacre at Cholula
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Aguilar Ahuitzotl Alaminos alliance allies Alonso Anahuac army arrived attack Axayacatl Azcapotzalco Aztec warriors battle began Bernal Diaz blood Cacama camp canoes captain captain-general captured causeway Cempoalla chief Cholula city of Tenochtitlan coast Coatlicue commander conquered Cordoba Cortes decided Cozumel Cruz Cuba Cuitlahuac Culhuacan death Diego Velazquez Dona Marina emissaries emperor enemy expedition Father Olmedo fear force gifts gods gold Grijalva Hernan Cortes Hispaniola honor horse Huitzilopochtli island Juan king Lake Texcoco land learned Lord Montezuma Maxtla Mayans messengers Narvaez natives Nezahualcoyotl Nezahualpilli night nobles offering once Ordaz palace Pedro Alvarado priests Quetzalcoatl reached ruler sacred sacrifice sailed sent ships sight soon Spain Spaniards Spaniards and Tlaxcalans Spanish soldiers stone stood temple Tendile Tenochti Tenochtitlan Tepanecs Tezcatlipoca Tezozomoc tezuma Tlacaelel Tlaloc Tlatelolco Tlaxcalans told Tollan Toltecs took Totonac town tribes tribute troops Valley of Mexico victory weapons wizards Yucatan