The Todas

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Macmillan and Company, Limited, 1906 - Toda (Indic people) - 755 pages
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Page 530 - Instead of adultery being regarded as immoral, I rather suspected, though I could not satisfy myself on the point, that according to the Toda idea immorality attaches rather to the man who grudges his wife to another.
Page 515 - Todas have a completely organized and definite system of polyandry. When a woman marries a man, it is understood that she becomes the wife of his brothers at the same time. When a boy is married to a girl, not only are his brothers usually regarded as also the husbands of the girl, but any brother born later will similarly be regarded as sharing his older brother's rights.
Page 216 - May it be well with the buffaloes, may they not suffer from disease or die, may they be kept from poisonous animals and from wild beasts and from injury by flood or fire, may there be water and grass in plenty.
Page 559 - Todas, inhabit the Neilgherry Hills of Southern India. On this subject Dr. Rivers reports as follows: " Breeks has stated that the Toda custom is that the house shall pass to the youngest son. It seems quite clear that this is wrong, and that this custom is absolutely unknown among the Todas. It is, however, a Badaga custom, and among them I was told that it is due to the fact that as the sons of a family grow up and marry, they leave the house of the parents and build houses elsewhere. It is the...
Page 521 - In a more recent account, Dr. Rivers speaks of the " tendency for the polyandry of the Todas to become combined with polygyny. Two brothers, who in former times would have had one wife between them, may now take two wives, but as a general rule the two men have the two wives in common. . . . When 1 Pandit Harikishan Kaul, Census of India, 1911, vol.
Page 405 - Rivers, whose careful studies are a model of anthropological investigation, nearly every Toda ceremony has its appointed day or days. The choice of these " is often dependent on another Toda institution, the sacred day, either of the village or of the dairy. Every clan has certain days of the week on which people are restricted from following many of their ordinary occupations, although they are not the occasions of any special ceremonies.
Page 452 - The present state of the Toda religion seems to be one in which ritual has persisted while the beliefs at the bottom of the ritual have largely disappeared." 1 On the other hand, the myths may take on idealized forms while accompanied by essentially the same ritual observance. The myths of primitive religion are, however, far from possessing the degree of rationality which many writers impute to them. For example, it is a charac> WHB Riven, The Todat, p.
Page 182 - In the legends he lives much the same kind of life as the mortal Toda, having his dairies and his buffaloes. The sacred dairies and the sacred buffaloes of the Todas are still regarded as being in some measure the property of the gods, and the dairymen are looked upon as their priests.
Page 517 - ... ceremony is not performed at all during the second pregnancy, and in this case the second child belongs to the first husband, ie, to the husband who has already given the bow and arrow. Usually it is arranged that the first two or three children shall belong to the first husband, and that at a succeeding pregnancy (third or fourth), another husband shall give the bow and arrow, and, in consequence, become the father not only of that child, but of all succeeding children till some one else gives...
Page 640 - ... the Todas, Kurumbas, and Kotas. The Todas were told to live principally upon milk, the Kurumbas were permitted to eat the flesh of buffalo calves, and the Kotas were allowed perfect liberty in the choice of food, being informed that they might eat carrion if they could get nothing better.

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