Machine Medical Ethics

Front Cover
Simon Peter van Rysewyk, Matthijs Pontier
Springer, Sep 5, 2014 - Technology & Engineering - 369 pages
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The essays in this book, written by researchers from both humanities and science, describe various theoretical and experimental approaches to adding medical ethics to a machine, what design features are necessary in order to achieve this, philosophical and practical questions concerning justice, rights, decision-making and responsibility in medical contexts, and accurately modeling essential physician-machine-patient relationships.

In medical settings, machines are in close proximity with human beings: with patients who are in vulnerable states of health, who have disabilities of various kinds, with the very young or very old and with medical professionals. Machines in these contexts are undertaking important medical tasks that require emotional sensitivity, knowledge of medical codes, human dignity and privacy.

As machine technology advances, ethical concerns become more urgent: should medical machines be programmed to follow a code of medical ethics? What theory or theories should constrain medical machine conduct? What design features are required? Should machines share responsibility with humans for the ethical consequences of medical actions? How ought clinical relationships involving machines to be modeled? Is a capacity for empathy and emotion detection necessary? What about consciousness?

This collection is the first book that addresses these 21st-century concerns.

 

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Contents

An Overview of Machine Medical Ethics
3
Surgical Therapeutic Nursing and Sex Robots in Machine and Information Ethics
17
The Quality of Care the Role of Machines and the Need for New Skills
33
Implementation Fundamentals for Ethical Medical Agents
48
Towards a PrincipleBased Healthcare Agent
67
Do Machines Have Prima Facie Duties?
78
Theory and Data
93
Moral Ecology Approaches to Machine Ethics
111
Machine Support of Ethical Decisions of Doctors
179
Ethics of Robotic Assisted Dying
207
Automating Medicine the Ethical Way
223
When a Human Is Delusive but the Machine Has Its Wits About Him
233
Medical Machine Technologies and Models
255
An Automatic Therapist Using BottomUp and TopDown Approaches
256
Models of the PatientMachineClinician Relationship in ClosedLoop Machine Neuromodulation
273
Modelling ConsciousnessDependent Expertise in Machine Medical Moral Agents
291

Justice Rights and the Law
128
Scarcity and Complex Medical Machines
129
Caring for Robotic CareGivers
151
Legal Necessity or Science Fiction?
167
DecisionMaking Responsibility and Care
178
Chances and Challenges
317
Ethical and Technical Aspects of Emotions to Create Empathy in Medical Machines
341
Epilogue
363
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About the author (2014)

Simon van Rysewyk is a University Associate in the Department of Philosophy, School of Humanities, University of Tasmania. He received his PhD in Philosophy from the University of Tasmania in 2013, and from 2013 to 2014 he was a Taiwan National Science Council Post-Doctoral Fellow in the Brain and Consciousness Research Center and Graduate Institute of Medical Humanities, Taipei Medical University, Taiwan. His interests are pain, phenomenology, experiential research methods, and medical ethics. His homepage is here, and he can be contacted at simon.vanrysewyk@utas.edu.au.