Machine Medical Ethics
Simon Peter van Rysewyk, Matthijs Pontier
Springer, Sep 5, 2014 - Technology & Engineering - 369 pages
The essays in this book, written by researchers from both humanities and science, describe various theoretical and experimental approaches to adding medical ethics to a machine, what design features are necessary in order to achieve this, philosophical and practical questions concerning justice, rights, decision-making and responsibility in medical contexts, and accurately modeling essential physician-machine-patient relationships.
In medical settings, machines are in close proximity with human beings: with patients who are in vulnerable states of health, who have disabilities of various kinds, with the very young or very old and with medical professionals. Machines in these contexts are undertaking important medical tasks that require emotional sensitivity, knowledge of medical codes, human dignity and privacy.
As machine technology advances, ethical concerns become more urgent: should medical machines be programmed to follow a code of medical ethics? What theory or theories should constrain medical machine conduct? What design features are required? Should machines share responsibility with humans for the ethical consequences of medical actions? How ought clinical relationships involving machines to be modeled? Is a capacity for empathy and emotion detection necessary? What about consciousness?
This collection is the first book that addresses these 21st-century concerns.
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The Quality of Care the Role of Machines and the Need for New Skills
Implementation Fundamentals for Ethical Medical Agents
Towards a PrincipleBased Healthcare Agent
Do Machines Have Prima Facie Duties?
Theory and Data
Moral Ecology Approaches to Machine Ethics
Machine Support of Ethical Decisions of Doctors
Ethics of Robotic Assisted Dying
Automating Medicine the Ethical Way
When a Human Is Delusive but the Machine Has Its Wits About Him
Medical Machine Technologies and Models
An Automatic Therapist Using BottomUp and TopDown Approaches
Models of the PatientMachineClinician Relationship in ClosedLoop Machine Neuromodulation
Modelling ConsciousnessDependent Expertise in Machine Medical Moral Agents
Justice Rights and the Law
Scarcity and Complex Medical Machines
Caring for Robotic CareGivers
Legal Necessity or Science Fiction?
DecisionMaking Responsibility and Care
Chances and Challenges
Ethical and Technical Aspects of Emotions to Create Empathy in Medical Machines