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animal Arapaho Arikara arrow Assiniboin bags band beads Blackfoot bone buffalo bundle camp circle ceremonies Cheyenne collections Comanche common Coronado Cree Crow cultural traits culture areas curious decorative designs developed differences diffusion distinct divine element Dogs Double-runner dressed dried Eastern Dakota example flesh geometric ghost dance Gros Ventre hair hand Hidatsa hide History horse culture hunting Kiowa Kit-foxes knives language Mandan material culture medicine-pipe Missouri moccasin Museum neighbors Nez Perce North Northern Shoshoni objects Omaha originated Osage paint parfleche Pawnee peculiar pipe Plains area Plains culture Plains Indians Plains tribes Plains-Cree Plains-Ojibway Plateau area poles Ponca practised pre-Columbian probable quills rawhide religious reported sacred Sarsi seems Shoshonean Shoshoni similar skin Southwest stick stone sun dance sweathouse symbolic Teton Teton-Dakota tion tipi travois tribal typical Plains typical tribes usually various tribes Village group Village tribes wakan tanka Wichita women women's societies Woodland area
Page 38 - The frame of a lodge is thus made : — A number of stout posts, from ten to fifteen, according to the size of the lodge, and rising to the height of about five feet above the surface of the earth, are set about ten feet apart in a circle. On the tops of these posts, solid .beams are laid, extending from one to another. Then, toward the center of the lodge, four more posts are erected, of much greater diameter than the outer posts, and rising to the height of ten or more feet above the ground.
Page 74 - The Traders have recently supplied these people with pots ; and even long before that, the Mandans had instructed them in the secret of manufacturing very good and serviceable earthen pots ; which together have entirely done away the custom, excepting at public festivals; where they seem, like all others of the human family, to take pleasure in cherishing and perpetuating their ancient customs.
Page 149 - ... the places where they stop, which serve them for houses. They tie these poles together at the top and stick the bottoms into the ground, covering them with some cowskins which they carry around, and which, as I have said, serve them for houses. From what was learned of these Indians, all their human needs are supplied by these cows, for they are fed and clothed and shod from these. They are a people who wander around here and there, wherever seems to them best.
Page 149 - Moorish pack saddles with girths. When the load gets disarranged, the dogs 'howl, calling some one to fix them right. These people eat raw flesh and drink blood. They do not eat human flesh. They are a kind people and not cruel. They are faithful friends. They are able to make themselves very well understood by means of signs.
Page 149 - A few ham! fuls of it thrown into a pot swells up so as to increase very much. They season it with fat, which they always try to secure when they kill a cow. They empty a large gut and fill it with blood, and carry this around the neck to drink when they are thirsty. When they open the belly of a cow they squeeze out the chewed grass and drink the juice that remains behind, because they say that this contains the essence of the stomach. They cut the hide open at the back and pull it off at the joints,...
Page 74 - When they kill meat, a hole is dug in the ground about the size of a common pot, and a piece of the raw hide of the animal, as taken from the back, is put over the hole, and then pressed down with the hands close around the sides, and filled with water. The meat to be boiled is then put in this hole or pot of water; and in a fire, which is built near by, several large stones are heated to a red heat, which are successively dipped and held in the water until the meat is boiled; from which singular...
Page 26 - Four slices made a bow, it being jointed. Another piece of horn is laid on the center of the bow at the grasp, where it is glued fast. The whole is then filed down until it is perfectly proportioned, when the white bone is ornamented, carved and painted.
Page 149 - They do not live in houses, but have some sets of poles which they carry with them to make some huts at the places where they stop, which serve them for houses. They tie these poles together at the top and stick the bottoms into the ground, covering them with some cowskins which they carry around, and which, as I have said, serve them for houses.
Page 21 - ... grains, fruits, and roots which the soil there produces in abundance; but I have said nothing of the customs which they practice in their hunting expeditions or of the manner in which they pursue the chase, especially that of the buffalo. The savages set out in the autumn, after they have gathered the harvest, to go hunting; and they do not return to their villages until the month of March, in order to plant the grain on their lands. As soon as this is done, they go hunting again, and do not...