Contributions to Mental Philosophy

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Longman, Green, Longman and Roberts, 1860 - Psychology - 159 pages
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Page xvii - ... imprisoned for a while in flesh, we are advancing in the right direction when we maintain the separate existence of the mind and body, and yet regard the former as perfectly pervading the latter, nay, as being the formative principle by which it is constructed and adapted to our nature and use.* The goal to which modern research is tending is the point where the old dualism between mind and body will not disappear, but combine instead under some higher law of unity which we have not as yet grasped....
Page xxxii - ... appeal to science in favour of the doctrine is made in this wise : Sir W. Hamilton many years ago pointed out the fact, that there is a process of latent thought always going on more or less energetically in the soul ; and certain physiologists have referred such phenomena to what they have termed unconscious cerebration; whilst Dr.
Page 154 - PSYCHOLOGY.—I have already remarked, that the greatest stress ought to be laid upon the question, as to whether anatomical results are in accordance with the views I have propounded, and able indirectly to confirm them. According to my views, it must be maintained that the structure, of the nervous system presents us with a perfect reflex of psychical relations, and that consequently there must be various mental processes corresponding with the different * We should have noted it sooner, Contribution!
Page 8 - He also cites some words of Fichte, which prove that the like conclusion is reached in the philosophy of Western idealism: "The real spirit which comes to itself in human consciousness is to be regarded as an impersonal pneuma — universal reason, nay, as the spirit of God Himself; and the good of man's whole development, therefore, can be no other than to substitute the universal for the individual consciousness.
Page 155 - ... the cellular or grey matter. External impulses come to perception only when they are brought, by means of the conducting nerves, into contact with the cellular matter. This fact would be of extraordinary importance, in relation to the parallel between physiology and psychology, if it could only be raised from an hypothesis to the rank of a physiological axiom. There are strong grounds in its favour, and it would be interesting to show the results that would flow from it. " The primitive nerves,...
Page 156 - ... may be drawn from this: first, that the well- defined distinction between sensible and motor nerves must be extended to the ganglionic cells.* We should have to distinguish such cells, therefore, as those which subserve sensational and those which subserve volitional processes. Secondly, that every ganglionic cell, according to the number and importance of the primitive nerves which meet in it, is in a greater or less degree a centralising organ, that very thing, in fact, which psychology has...
Page 158 - ... been cut away in slices, confirm all this. Wagner has convinced himself, by observation, that the greater or less degree of idiotcy [in the human subject ?] or insensibility in animals, depends on the extent to which the cellular surface has been removed [or congenitally injured ?]. From all which, his own and Huschke's observations, he has deduced the following principle...
Page 41 - ... adopt the one or other in accounting for the source of our ideas — the hypothesis of innate ideas, or the theory of experience. To return to Fichte : as might be expected, he holds tenaciously to innate ideas, and even transcends the ordinary conception of them : — " The human soul (as we have expressed it) has not only elements prior to experience in its consciousness, but it is itself an a priori being, furnished with definite impulses and instincts, and goes through a series of very effective,...
Page 32 - An individual soul must be at the basis of these physical facts for this reason, that all the processes of life are at the same time instinctive actions — that is, an unconscious kind of thought, which it were absurd to locate anywhere but in the soul itself.
Page 33 - ... appealing to, overrides the practical and scientific side of the questions he discusses. The facts of hereditary transmission, and other material elements in the formation of individual character, are unworthy the consideration of this class of philosophers. It is " the plastic power of the soul which operates with an individualising force upon the body; and the more powerful the soul, ie, the more decidedly it comes forth as mind, the more peculiar and characteristic is the organism in physiognomy...

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