Destruction and Conservation of Cultural Property
R Layton, P Stone, J Thomas
Routledge, Sep 2, 2003 - Social Science - 352 pages
In 1991 the mosque at Ayodhya in India was demolished by Hindu fundamentalists who claim that it stood on the birthplace of a legendary Hindu hero. During recent conflicts in former Yugoslavia, ethnic groups destroyed mosques and churches to eliminate evidence of long-term settlement by other communities. Over successive centuries, however, a single building in Cordoba functioned as a mosque, a church and a synagogue. The Roman Emperor Diocletian's Palace in Split is occupied today by shops and residential apartments. What circumstances have lead to the survival and reinterpretation of some monuments, but the destruction of others?
This work asks whether the idea of world heritage is an essential mechanism for the protection of the world's cultural and natural heritage, or whether it subjugates a diversity of cultural traditions to specifically Western ideas. How far is it acceptable for one group of people to comment upon, or intercede in, the way in which another community treats the remains which it claims as its own? What are the responsibilities of multinational corporations and non-governmental organisations operating in the Developing World? Who actually owns the past: the landowner, indigenous people, the State or humankind?
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Alexandria ancient antiquities archaeological heritage archaeological sites architectural artefacts authenticity Ayodhya Babri Masjid British building Cameroon centre century chapter Christian church colonial conflict conservation construction context Córdoba Croatia cultural heritage cultural property Curzon damage Delhi destroyed destruction District Six Egypt Egyptian Emain Macha ethnic evidence excavation Funari Greece Greek heritage management Hindu Hindutva Hvar ibid ICOMOS identity Ijaye important India inscription Islamic Kar sevaks landscape located London material medieval ment metres modern monuments museum Muslim narratives nationalist Navan ofcultural ofits ofthe ofthe mosque ofthis organizations original Palagru›a period pillar-bases pillars political Po™itelj present preservation Rama reconstruction religious restoration revivalism Roman Rotonda São Paulo settlement Sharma significance sites and objects social society Stari Grad stone structure suggest Thessaloniki tion tourist town UNESCO University Visigothic Western World Heritage World Heritage Site worship