Governing the Antarctic: The Effectiveness and Legitimacy of the Antarctic Treaty System

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Cambridge University Press, 1996 - Law - 464 pages
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After thirty-five years the regime based on the Antarctic Treaty is more vigorous than ever. Here leading scholars of international law and international relations examine the effectiveness and legitimacy of this regime by asking two questions: are current changes affecting the regime's ability to cope with major problems in the region, and how do those changes affect its standing amongst parties to the Treaty and in the wider international community? Individual chapters deal with the Antarctic regimes for marine living resources, mineral activities, environmental protection, and tourism. Throughout, a keen eye is kept on how those components interact and reinforce each other. This analysis is supported by in-depth studies of compatibility and tension between the Antarctic Treaty System and the international community at large. It also draws upon case studies of how domestic concerns and decision-making in four selected countries affect international co-operation in the Antarctic.
 

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Contents

Effectiveness and legitimacy of international regimes
13
INTERNATIONAL COMMUNITY
35
a
61
The changing roles of nongovernmental organisations
91
introduction
113
The effectiveness of CCAMLR
120
The effectiveness of CRAMRA
152
The effectiveness of the Protocol on Environmental
174
The legitimacy of CRAMRA
246
The legitimacy of the Protocol on Environmental
268
The legitimacy of the Antarctic tourism regime
294
introductory assessment
323
the role of domestic
331
the influence of domestic
361
The making of Norwegian Antarctic policy
384
The role of domestic politics in making United States
409

a study
203
introduction
227
The legitimacy of CCAMLR
233
Conclusions
432
Index
457
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