Virtual Reality Technology
A groundbreaking Virtual Reality textbook is now even better
Virtual reality is a very powerful and compelling computer application by which humans can interface and interact with computer-generated environments in a way that mimics real life and engages all the senses. Although its most widely known application is in the entertainment industry, the real promise of virtual reality lies in such fields as medicine, engineering, oil exploration and the military, to name just a few. Through virtual reality scientists can triple the rate of oil discovery, pilots can dogfight numerically-superior "bandits," and surgeons can improve their skills on virtual (rather than real) patients.
This Second Edition of the first comprehensive technical book on the subject of virtual reality provides updated and expanded coverage of the technology--where it originated, how it has evolved, and where it is going. The authors cover all of the latest innovations and applications that are making virtual reality more important than ever before, including:
* Coverage on input and output interfaces including touch and force feedback
* Computing architecture (with emphasis on the rendering pipeline and task distribution)
* Object modeling (including physical and behavioral aspects)
* Programming for virtual reality
* An in-depth look at human factors issues, user performance, and
* sensorial conflict aspects of VR
* Traditional and emerging VR applications
The new edition of Virtual Reality Technology is specifically designed for use as a textbook. Thus it includes definitions, review questions, and a Laboratory Manual with homework and programming assignments. The accompanying CD-ROM also contains video clips that reinforce the topics covered in the textbook. The Second Edition will serve as a state-of-the-art resource for both graduate and undergraduate students in engineering, computer science, and other disciplines.
GRIGORE C. BURDEA is a professor at Rutgers-the State University of New Jersey, and author of the book Force and Touch Feedback for Virtual Reality, also published by Wiley.
PHILIPPE COIFFET is a Director of Research at CNRS (French National Scientific Research Center) and Member of the National Academy of Technologies of France. He authored 20 books on Robotics and VR translated into several languages.
5 Haptic Interfaces for the Hand
COMPUTING ARCHITECTURES FOR
COMPUTING ARCHITECTURES FORVR
3 Characteristics of Networks Used
HUMAN FACTORS IN
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3D sound 3Dlabs actuators Adapted allow architecture autostereoscopic Burdea Chapter Coiffet collision detection contact force cybersickness database devices display example Fastrack finger force feedback frame refresh rate geometry graphics pipeline haptic haptic interface hardware head-mounted displays human factors IEEE illustrated in Figure Immersion input interaction Java 3D latency Logitech magnetic trackers measure monoscopic motion node NVIDIA optics output patients performance PHANToM pixels polygons position programming projector radiosity real-time refresh rate rendering pipeline Reprinted by permission Research robot Rutgers scene graph SensAble Technologies sensing glove sensors server shown in Figure simulation sickness Stanney stereo subjects surface system of coordinates task teleoperation telerehabilitation texture toolkits trackball tracker tracking user’s head Virtual Environments virtual hand virtual objects Virtual Reality virtual scene virtual world visual VR applications VR simulation workstation