Cambridge University Press, May 16, 1991 - Philosophy - 269 pages
This second Companion deals with the ancient theories of the psyche. The essays range over more than eight hundred years of psychological inquiry and provide critical analyses not only of the ancient discussions of the nature of the psyche and its states, but of such central topics as perception, subjectivity, the explanation of action, and what it is to be a person. In examining the wide variety of psychological theories offered by the ancient thinkers, from the increasingly complex materialism of the Presocratics and Hellenists to the dualism of Plato and Plotinus, the collection demonstrates that psychology had become a wide-ranging and sophisticated discipline long before Descartes.
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Heraclitus theory of soul and its antecedents
Platos theory of mind
Aristotles philosophy of mind
Epicurus philosophy of mind
Representation and the self in Stoicism
The objective appearance of Pyrrhonism
Plotinus and soulbody dualism
A. A. Long action affections Alexander of Aphrodisias Anima appears argues argument Aristotelian Aristotle assent atoms aware Barnes behaviour beliefs Burnyeat capacity Cartesian causal cause century B.C. characterisation Chrysippus claim common conception consciousness constitution Cyrenaics Davidson Dennett Descartes Descartes's desire Diogenes of Oenoanda discussion distinct doctrine dualism Empedocles Epictetus Epicurean Epicurus epistemology Ethics experience explain external fact faculty fire fragments function Galen Greek hence Heraclitus human hylomorphic inference interpretation kind knowledge living logos Long and Sedley Lucretius material matter mental nature non-human non-rational notion objects Oxford particular perceive perception person Phaedo phantasia philosophy of mind Phronesis physical Plato Plotinus post-Cartesian practical syllogism problem propositional psuche psychic psychology question rational animals reason recognise representations role sceptic seems sense Sextus Sextus Empiricus simply Socrates sort Stoicism Stoics substance suppose syllogism Theaetetus theory things thought translation truth understanding unity