Modernizing Women: Gender and Social Change in the Middle East

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Lynne Rienner Publishers, 2003 - Social Science - 325 pages
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Extrait de la préface : "The subject of this study is social change in the Middle East, North Africa, and Afghanistan ; its impact on women's legal status and social positions ; and women's varied responses to, and involvment in, change processes. It also deals with constructions of gender during periods of social and political change. Social change is usually described in terms of modernization, revolution, cultural challenges, and social movements. Much of the standard literature on these topics does not examine women or gender, and thus [the author] hopes this study will contribute to an appreciation of the significance of gender in the midst of change. Neither are there many sociological studies on MENA and Afghansitan or studies on women in MENA and Afghanistan from a sociological perspective. Myths and stereotypes abund regarding women, Islam, and the region, and the sevents of September 11 and since have only compounded them. This book is intended in part to "normalize" the Middle East by underscoring the salience of structural determinants other than religion. It focuses on the major social-change processes in the region to show how women's lives are shaped not only by "Islam" and "culture", but also by economic development, the state, class location, and the world system. Why the focus on women? It is [the autor's] contention that middle-class women are consciously and unconsciously major agents of social change in the region, at the vanguard of movements for modernity, democratization and citizenship."

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Economic Development State Policy
Reforms Revolutions and the Woman Question
Patriarchy and the Changing Family
Islamist Movements and Womens Responses
From Islamization to Islamic Feminism
The Decline of Womens Status in the 1980s
Liberalization and Policy Shifts in the 1990s 270
Religious State Secular Society?
Characteristics of Afghan Patriarchy
Internationalized Civil Conflict
Women in the Refugee Camps
All That Is Solid Melts into Air
List of Acronyms
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A Prototype of the Weak State

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About the author (2003)

Valentine M. Moghadam is the director of women's studies and a professor of sociology at Illinois State University. She is also Chief, Gender Equality and Development Section, Human Rights Division, Social and Human Sciences Sector, UNESCO.

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