Page images
PDF
EPUB

When caused by mechanical injuries. Arnica. When caused by coffee. Nux- Vomica.

When caused by loss of sleep.

Cocculus, Nux-Vomica. When caused by gastric derangement.

Tart.-emetic., Ipecac. When caused by mental emotions ; if by grief.

Ignatia.

If by chagrin or anger. Cham. Nux- Vomica.

For headache from suppressed eruptions. Sulphur. For a boring pain over the eye, relieved by pressure.

Thuja.

For sick headache; beginning with vomiting.

Ipecac.

Administration.—The repetition of the drugs depends upon the urgency of the case. If the pain is severe they may be repeated at short intervals until an improvement is perceptible; then less frequently, say every two, three or four hours, according to the case.

CHAPTER VII.

CONGELATION. {Frozen, or Frost-bitten Limbs, etc.)

When any part of the nose, ears, face, hands, or feet, are frozen, rub them with snow or ice for a few seconds; then immerse them in cold water, or apply cold water, gradually increasing the temperature until some color or a natural sensation returns. If violent reaction sets in, which is frequently the case, give a few doses of

Aconite.

Should it produce a red, shining swelling of the part, with itching and burning, give Agaricus.

Should there be swelling, redness, burning, and blistering of the part, similar in appearance to vesicular erysipelas, apply Tinct, Cantharides.

But when the part is much swollen, and covered with a small pustular eruption, apply Spts, Turpentine.

When there is not much swelling, but exceeding pain and aching, bathe the parts frequently with Spirits, or Spts, Camphor, and give a few doses of Rhus-tox.

Diet And Regimen—Should not interfere with the remedies which may be used.

I. CHILBLMJVS.

Chilblains are the effect of an inflammation arising from cold. In their mildest form they are attended with redness of the skin, and some swelling, burning, and itching. When they are more violent, the swelling, burning, and itching, become much worse; the color of the part is a dark red, or even blue; sometimes vesicles arise upon the tumor, which burst and leave excoriations,which may run into an indolent ulcer.

Treatment.—When there is burning, biting, stinging, and itching, and not much swelling or discoloration.

Agaricus.

When there is inflammation, with burning and itching.

Arsen., China., Nit -acid.

If the Chilblains are much swollen, and of a dark red, or bluish color. Arnica and Belladonna, in alternation.

When they are large and exceedingly painful.

Hepar-Sulphur, Arnica, Phos -acid, Sepia.

Administration.—Give the remedies indicated, morning and evening; and if the Chilblains are very severe, they may be given advantageously three times a day.

External Remedies.—Much relief will be found from the external application of diluted Tinct.-Cantharides, if there is much burning and stinging, and a disposition to form vesicles; and diluted Tinct. of Arnica, when there is that peculiar burning and tingling present, with swelling.

n. CLAWS. (Corns.)

Corns are remarkably unpleasant, painful companions, and are the result of pride in most instances, from wearing boots and shoes far smaller than the dimensions of the feet honestly demand. They are simply hardened portions of cuticle, (scarf skin,) produced by pressure, and have a sort of core, or thorn, that can be worked out, something in appearance to a barley corn, whence the name. (Hooper.) But I must confess that I have never yet seen anything about them much resembling a barley corn, but have supposed the name was derived from the hard, dense, semi-transparency, like horn.

Treatment.—When they are inflamed and painful, wash them frequently with diluted Arnica Tinct., and apply some lint, or wrap up the part in a piece of old soft linen, wet in the above tincture; or carefully shave them down until the skin appears of a natural thickness, and apply Arnica plaster, which has certainly proved very eflicacious in a great many instances.

m. BURA'S AJVD SCALDS.

It is unnecessary to say that the danger of the above depends altogether upon the depth or extent of the injury; for common sense, apart from a knowledge of the human organism, teaches at least that, There are many things recommended as remedies which are not only injurious, but decidedly dangerous: as, the application of molasses, limewater linament, olive oil, turpentine, raw cotton, castile soap, Pain Extractors, Pain Killers, etc.; the lime-water liniment and olive oil are the most harmless, and may be applied in the absence of the true specific, which ia Urtica-Urens.

In a great many burns and scalds, some of which were caused by burning pitch and turpentine, I have never yet been disappointed in its specific powers, even when the cases were most severe. It should be used as follows :— Mix forty drops of the Urtica-TJrens with half a pint of pure water, and keep it constantly applied to the part by means of a piece of fine old linen immersed therein. It should not be continued after it has removed the inflammation, which is indicated by the departure of pain, and the perfectly white appearance of the surface; then keep the part covered with old, fine linen, lightly spread with clean, fresh mutton-tallow, or simple cerate, in order to proteet it from the air. If the burn is an internal one, caused by the inhalation of steam, or by a scalding liquid, give a tea-spoonful of the mixture every two or three hours until the suffering is mitigated.

IV. FRACTURES AJVD DISLOCATIOJVS.

I will not lay down any general or special rules for the treatment of Fractures and Dislocations, for they are not only properly included within the province of the Surgeon, but it would demand a larger volume than this to treat of their varieties in detail, as they deserve.

It is well to remark, however, that a fracture or dislocation may be known by observing the extent of the injury, the distortion or position of the limb, and the inability to use it.

When either has taken place, do not attempt its reduction, but place the limb in the easiest, natural position, apply cloths wet in diluted Arnica Tinct., (one part of Arnica and three or four parts of cold water,) and send immediately for a skillful Surgeon (if you are not one yourself.) Take great care to avoid what are called natural bone-setters, who work by instinct or magic, and leave a crooked limb as a memorial of their skill and of your cupidity.

« PreviousContinue »