A History of the Menhaden

Front Cover
Orange Judd Company, 1880 - Menhaden fisheries - 529 pages
 

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Contents

SECTION H Trie ENEMIES AND FATALITIES OF THE MENHADENContinued
25
Bug fish
27
Color and other minor characteristics 47 Color of northern fish 48 Color of Southern fish
33
Internal organs 51 The strainer in the mon 52 The accessory branchial organ 53 The alimentary canal
34
The swim bladder
35
Limits of range of Brevoortia tyrannus in 1877
36
Stay on the coast of Virginia and Chesapeake Bay 69 Stay in Delaware Bay
39
Stay at the eastern end of Long Island 72 Stay in Long Island Sound
43
Stay in Narragansett Bny
44
Stay in Marthas Vineyard Sound 77 Table showing dates of appearance of menhaden at Waquoit Weir 185972
46
Stay of the schools on the south shore of Cape Cod 80 Stay in Cape Cod Bay
47
Stay about Cape Ann
48
Migrations See also Appendix F 84 Migrations of fishes in general and the causes
50
The influence of ocean temperatures upon the movements of the menhaden
52
General considerations as to the winter retreat of summer fishes
56
The theory of extended migrations discussed with special reference to the mackerel
62
The arguments against extended migrations of the menhaden
65
The hypothesis of the oceanic sojourn of the menhaden
66
A criticism of Rimbauds classification with a new classification by habits of east
68
The movements of the schools of menhaden
70
Habits of the schooling fish 70 92 Habits of the schooling fish 93 Movements of the schools to and from the surface
71
George W Miles
87
Abundance on the coast of Maryland and Virginia
93
THE MENIIADEN Fisheries
113
SUPFRSECTION ECONOMICAL VALUE AND APPLICATIONS OF THE MENHADEN
135
SECTION K THE MENHADEN As A source of FoodContinued 36 Foodpreparations derived from the menhaden
137
The qualities of American sardines
138
Mr Goodales Extract of FishMethods of preparation and uses
139
Possible yield of Extract of Fish
140
SECTION LTHE MENHADEN As A BAITFISH
141
Comparative value of menhaden and other bait
142
Menhaden as a bait for mackerel
143
APPENDIX F Tables of ocean temperatures for certain points on the east coast of the United
145
The testimony of Canadian officers as to the value of menhaden bait
146
Testimony before the Halifax Commission regarding the greater value of menhaden bait
147
The use of menhaden bait in coast fisheries
148
Estimate of the annual consumption of menhaden bait
149
Use of menhaden bait by the Georges Bank fleet
150
Use of menhaden bait by the Connecticut smacks
151
The Connecticut method of icing bait
152
Conflicts between baitfishermen and manufacturers of oil
155
Present aspects of the conflict in Maine 15
156
The export of menhaden bait to Canada and Newfoundland as discussed before the Halifax Commission
157
Reply of the agent of the United States
158
Reply in behalf of Her Britannic Majestys government
159
Other references to the menhaden in the testimony and affidavits
160
The argument of Mr Dana
161
The claims of Connecticut and New York
162
The inception of the oil business in Maine
164
The location of the oil factories See also Appendix II
165
Factories in Rhode Island
166
Factories in New York
167
Factories in New Jersey
168
Factories on the Southern coast
169
A description of processes employed in manufacture
170
The factory of George W Miles Co
171
The factory of Joseph Church Co 243 The factory of Kenniston Cobb Co
172
The factory at Napeague N Y
173
The model of the factory of Joseph Church Co 246 The cost of an oilfactory
174
Organization of the fishing gangs 248 The advantages claimed for floating factories
176
Mr Goodales improved method for extracting the oil 250 Proposed chemical method 251 Proposed mechanical methods
178
Value of fish to manufacturers 252 Prices paid for fresh menhaden in different seasons 253 Prices proportionate to amount of oil to be obtained fro...
180
Oilyield of southern fish
183
Comparative oilyield in different localities Statistics of the manufacture of oil and guano 257 Returns for the State of Maine
184
Returns for the United States
187
Comparative yield of oil from the menhaden and whale fisheries
259
Comparative yield of nitrogen from the menhadenfactories and from the imports of birdguano
260
The associations of oil and guano manufacturers See also Appendices L and
262
The markets for menhaden oil
263
The grades of oil
264
The prices of oil See also Appendix
266
Introductory note
267
Menhaden in a fresh state used as a fertilizer 268 Use among Indians and early colonists
268
Use at beginning of present century and later
269
Use at present day
270
Fish scrap as manure 271 The inception of its use Experience in Maine
271
Experience in Connecticut Mr Clift
272
Experience of Mr Hall and Mr Loveland
273
Statements of Professor Cook of New Jersey
274
Further experience in Maine Messrs Hinckley Kenniston Smith and Captain Collins
275
Early manufacture in England
284
Other European manufactures of fish manures
285
The Norwegian fishguano
286
Manufacture of glue and removal of oil in preparation of fish guanos
287
Success of fishguano as a fertilizer in Europe
288
The manufacture of fish fertilizers in the United States
289
Kinds of fertilizers made from fish refuse
290
lishguano methods of manufacture and needs of improvement statements of Professor Goessmann
291
APPENDIx G Table showing comparative amounts of menhaden mackerel shad and alewives
295
Proceedings of the United States Menhaden Oil and Guano Association
358
Annual reports of menhaden oil and guano manufacturers in the State of Maine
368
February 23 1874 and January 9 1875
390
Statement of William Atwood lighthouse keeper Plymouth Mass February
404
Statement of David F Loring Cape Cod lightstation North Truro Mass February 23 1875
409
Statement of Josiah Hardy 2d Chatham Mass February 17 1874 and January
410
Statement of Alonzo Y Lothrop Hyannis Mass February 18 1874 and January
412
Statement of William S Allen Nantucket Mass January 1875
413
Statement of R C Kenney Nantucket Mass January 21 1874
414
Statement of C B Marchant collector of customs Edgartown Mass January
416
Statement of Jason Luce Co N
417
Statement of Luce Brothers East Lyme December 4 1877
418
Statement of E T De Blois Portsmouth R I November 26 1877
425
Statement of William H Potter Mystic River Conn January 27 1874
428
30
430
Statement of Leander Wilcox Mystic Bridge Conn January 15 1875
431
Statement of Samuel C Beebe Cornfield Point lightvessel No 12 Saybrook Conn January 6 1875
432
Statement of R E Ingham Saybrook lighthouse Saybrook Conn March 17 1874
433
Statement of J L Stokes Westbrook Conn February 25 1875
435
37
437
Statement of W S Havens Sag Harbor N Y January 1 1875
441
Statement of Hawkins Brothers Jamesport N Y February 25 1875
443
Statement of Benjamin H Sisson Greenport R I January 29 1874
445
Statement of David G Wail River Head Long Island March 20 1875
447
Statement of Joseph Whaley Point Judith light Point Judith R I December
449
Statement of A G Wolf Absecon light Atlantic City N J March 6 1874
450
Statement of Albert Morris Somers Point N J January 12 1875
451
Statement of D E Foster Cape May lighthouse N J February 15 1875
453
Statement of James H Bell Mispillion River Delaware Bay January 23 1875
454
Statement of Benjamin Tice Maurice River light January 11 1875
457
Statement of Hance Lawson Crisfield Md January 22 1874
458
Statement of Isaac D Robbins Hog Island February 21 1874
460
Statement of G Henry Seldon Kinsale Westmoreland County Va August 1874
461
Statement of Henry Richardson Cape Henry February 9 1874
464
Statement of C G Manning Edenton N C January 6 1875
465
Statement of A W Simpson jr Cape Hatteras N C January 20 1875
470
Statement of A W Simpson jr Cape Hatteras N C January 25 1875
471
Statement of Wallace R Jennett Cape Hatteras N C February 26 1874
474
Statement of A C Davis Beaufort N C February 14 1874 and January 27 1875
475
Statement of W T Hatsel Bodys Island N C March 4 1874 and February 23 1875
477
Statement of W A Harn Morris Island S C January 21 1875
478
Statement of George Gage Beaufort S C January 20 1874
479
Statement of J F Hall Brunswick Ga April 11 1876
481
Statement of Charles Koch Jacksonville Fla January 15 1874
482
Statement of D P Kane Matagorda Texas March 1 1874
483
Letter from C A Goessman on the agricultural value of menhaden fertilizers
485
A description of the factory of the Pacific Guano Company at Woods Holl Mass
487
The Cumberland Bone Companys works
491
The Quinnipiac Fertilizer Companys works
492
The Crowell Manufacturing Company
493
Method of calculating costs of valuable ingredients of fertilizers By W O Atwater
495
101
499
172
501
Improved methods of drying fishscrap
502
APPENDlx P Exports of menhaden oil from the port of New York from January 1875 to July 1878
506
The spawning grounds of the menhaden
507
Menhaden fishing on a Long Island steamer By Ernest Ingersoll
508
The manufacture of sardines from menhaden
512
Small oiltrying in Maine 1860
513
The use of fish for manure by the early colonists of Massachusetts
514
Explanation of plates
515
173
517
Alphabetical index
519
200
520
209
521
210
522
212
523
213
526
217
527
219
528

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