A History of the Menhaden

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Orange Judd Company, 1880 - Menhaden fisheries - 529 pages
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Contents

Thenameof menhaden claimed to be the preferable one M
10
Hardheadandbonyfish
12
Alewife and oldwife
13
Fatback and yellowtail
14
Zoological names IS 30 Latrobes description of Clupea tyrannus and the reasons for adopting this specific name See also Appendix E and Plato II IS ...
16
Belknaps Clupea dura
17
Jenynss Clupea pectinata
18
Section CA description of the American species of Brevoortia with anatomical and PHYSIOLOGICAL NOTES
19
Statement of David F Loring Cape Cod lightstation North Truro Man February 231875 409
24
Section H Tne enemies and fatalities op the menhadenContinued
25
Brevoortia patronus Goode
26
Brevoortia pectinata Jenyns GUI
30
Siu SI 43 Limits and relations of length and weight y
31
Rate of growth of young fish
32
Sate of growth of fish during their sojourn on the northern coast
33
Arrangement and number of scales
34
The swim bladder
35
Variations in northern limit in the past i
36
Range of other species of the genus
37
The arrival and departures of the schools
38
Review of the dates of movement upon the entire coast
39
Stay on the coast of North Carolina
40
Stay on the coast of Virginia and Chesapeake Bay 4t 69 Stay in Delaware Bay
41
Stay on the coast of New Jersey
42
Stay at the eastern end of Long Island
43
Stay in Narragansett Bay
44
Stay in Marthas Vineyard Sound
45
Table showing dates of appearance of menhaden at Waquoit Weir 185972
46
Stay of the schools on the south shore of Cape Cod 4S 80 Stay in Cape Cod Bay
47
Stay abont Cape Ann
48
The manufacture of flh manureContinued
49
Mr Maddocksaccount of the movements of the scbools on the coast of Maine
50
The influence of ocean temperatures upon the movements of the menhaden
52
General considerations as to the winter retreat of summer fishes
56
The theory of extended migrations disoossed with special reference to the mackerel
62
The arguments against extended migrations of the menhaden
65
The hypothesis of the oceanic sojourn of the menhaden
66
A criticism of Rimbands classification with a new classification by habits of east coast fishes
68
The movements of the schools of menhaden
70
Movements of the scbools to and from the surface
71
Section E Abundance of the menuaden comparative and absolute
78
Section H The enemies and fatalities of the menhaden
101
The menhaden fisheries
113
SupeeSectcon ECONOMICAL VALUE AND APPLICATIONS OF THE MENHADEN
135
Section K The menhaden as a source of foodContinued 36 Foodpreparations derived from the menhaden
137
The qualities of American sardines
138
Mr Goodales Extract of Fish Methods of preparation and uses
139
Possible yield of Extractor Fish
140
The menhaden as a baitfish
141
Comparative value of menhaden and other bait
142
Comparative valneof herring and menhaden for tollbait
143
The testimony of Canadian officers as to the valneof menhaden bait
146
Testimony before the Halifax Commission regarding the greater value of menhaden bait
147
The use of menhaden bait in coast fisheries
148
Estimateof the annual consumption of nienhaden bait
149
UBeof menhaden bait by the Georges Bank fleet
150
Use of menhaden bait by the Connecticut smacks
151
The Connecticut method of icing bait
152
Comparative value of different metbods of icing bait
153
Conflicts between baitfishermen and manufacturers of oil
155
Present aspects of the conflict in Maine 1E6 40 Menhaden bait as an article of commerce and the discussion of its value before Vie Halifax Commissi...
156
Claims of Hor Majestys government
157
Reply of the agent of the United States
158
Reply in behalf of Her Britannic Majestys government
159
Other references to the menhaden in the testimony and affidavits
160
Tho argument of Mr Dana
161
Tho claims of Connecticut and New York
162
The inception of the oil business in Maine
164
The location of the oilfactories Seo also Appendix H
165
Factories in Rhndo Island
166
Factories in New York
167
Factories in New Jersey
168
Factorios on tho Southern coast
169
A description of processes empleyed in manufacture
170
The factory of George W Miles Co _
171
Section tit Menhaden and otheb fish and their products ab related to agriculture
194
93 Goodales new process
224
Adamsons process
225
Immense waste of fish at present Possibilities of future manufacture 326
226
S97 Manufacture of ammoniatcd superphosphates
227
Chemical composition of menhaden and other fish and of fish manurc
228
Feeding to stock
248
Danger in using fish fertilizers alone
249
Fish as food for domestic animals 350
250
General principles of feeding maintenance ami production
251
Digestion of foods by animals as tested by European experiments
254
What is essential to economy in feeding Proportions of albuminoids and carbo hydrates
255
Composition and valuations of various food materials German tables
256
Experience of Mr Lawes in England on fish as food for swine
258
Other European experience
259
Experiment of Professor Farrington on fish scrap vs cornmeal for sheep
260
European experiments on digestion and nntritive value of fish
263
General conclusions 364
264
Recapitulation 365
265
Flsh as food for stock
266
APFendUt A Circular relating to statistics of the menhaden fishery
268
Appendix B List of correspondents from whom contributions havo been received
271
Appendix CBibliography of literature relating to the menhaden 374
274
Extracts from writings of ichthyologists relating to the menhaden
279
From MitchiUs Fishes of New York Transactions of Literary and Philosophical Society of New York 1815 p 453
282
FromStorers History of the Fishes of Massachusetts 1867p 168
283
FromDekays Zoology of New York Fishes 1842 p 259 384
286
From TJbler and Luggers List of the Fishes of Maryland 1876p 133
287
Appendix E Catalogue of specimens in the United States National Musenm illustrating the history of the menhaden
289
ArpeNTiix F Tables of ocean temperatures for certain points on the east coast of the United
291
Partial list of vessels empleyed in the menhaden fishery
297
Proceedings of the United States Menhaden Oil and Guano Association 3
358
Annual reports of menhaden oil and guano manufacturers in the State of Maine
368
Appendix NStatements of correspondentsContinued
373
collector Belfast Me
375
Statement of William Atwood lighthouse keeper Plymouth Mass February
404
Statement of Josiah Hardy 2d Chatham Mass February 171874 and January
410
Statement of William S Allen Nantneket Mass January 1875
413
Statement of R C Konney Nantneket Mass January 211874
414
Statement of C B Marchant collector of customs Edgartown Mass January
416
Statement of Jason Luce Co North Tishury Mass January 61875
417
Statement of Luce Brothers East Lymo December 4 1877
418
Statement of E T DeBlois Portsmouth K I November 261877
425
Statement of William H Potter Mystio River Conn January 27 1874
428
Statement of John Washington Mystie Conn December 301874
430
Statement of Leander Wilcox Mystic Bridge Conn January 15 1875
431
Statement of Samuel C Beebe Cornfield Point lightvessel No 12 Saybrook Conn January 6 1875
432
Statement of R E Ingham Saybrook lighthouse Saybrook Conn March 17 1874
433
Statement of J L Stokes Westhrook Conn February 25 1875
435
Statement of B Lillingston Stratford Conn February 23 1874
437
Statement of W S Havens Sag Harbor N V January 1 1875
441
Statement of Hawkins Brothers Jamesport N Y February 25 1875
443
Statement of Benjamin H Sisson Greenport R I January 29 1874
445
Statement of David G Vail River Head Long Island March 20 1875
447
Statement of A G Wolf Absecom light Atlantic City N J March 6 1874
450
Statement of Albert Morris Somcrs Point N J January 121875
451
Statement of D E Foster Capo May lighthouse N J February 15 1875
453
Statement of James H Bell Mispillion Elver Delaware Bay January 231875
454
Statement of Benjamin Tice Manrice River light January 11 1875
457
Statement of Hance Lawson Crisfleld Md January 22 1874
458
Statement of Isiac D Robbins Hog Island February 211874
460
Statement of G Heury Seldon Kinsale Westmoreland County Va August 1874
461
Statement of Heury Richardson Cape Heury February 9 1874 4G4 65 Statement of C G Manning Edonton N C January 6 1875
465
Statement of A W Simpson jr Cape Hatteras N C April 151874 4G5 67 Statement of A W Simpson jr Cape Hatteras N C January 20 1875
471
Statement of Wallace R Jounett Capo Hattoras N C Fobruary 26 1874
474
Statement of A C Davis Beanfort N 0 February 14 1874 and January 27 1875
475
Statement of W T Hatsol Bodys Island N C March 41874 and February 231875
477
Statement of W A Harn Morris Island S C January 21 1875
478
Statement of George Gage Beanfort S C January 20 1874
479
Statement of J F Hall Brunswick Ga April 111876
481
Statement of Charles Koch Jacksonville Fla January 151874
482
Statement of D P Kane Matagorda Texas March 11874
483
Letter from C A Goessman on the agricultural value of menhaden fertilizers
485
A description of the factory of the Pacific Guano Company at Woods Eoll Mass
487
The Cumberland Bone Companys works
491
The Quinnipiao Fertilizer Company ts works
492
TheCrowell Manufacturing Company
493
Method of calculating costs of valuable Ingredients of fertilizers By W O Atwater
495
Improved methods of drying fishscrap _
502
Appendix Q Supplementary works September 221878 900
506
The spawning grounds of the menhaden
507
Menhaden fishing on a Long Island steamer By Ernest Ingersoll
508
The manufacture of sardines from menhaden
512
Small oil trying in Maine 1860
513
The use of fish for manure by the early colonists of Massachusetts
514
Explanation of plates
515
Alphabetical index
519

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