Broadening the Edges: Refugee Definition and International Protection Revisited

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Martinus Nijhoff Publishers, Aug 20, 1997 - Law - 407 pages
This ground-breaking volume brings the refugee issue out of the narrow confines of refugee law into the centre of international law and international relations. It reviews the concept of the refugee and the international protection of refugees from the unconventional angle of the prospects and limitations of multilateralism in the post Cold War era. This approach - taking conflict prevention and resolution as its point of departure - ensures that "Broadening the Edges: Refugee Definition and" "International Protection Revisited" is not only novel, but comprehensive and practical as well. It is comprehensive because it offers a review of state practice within the United Nations and regional contexts, as well as a review of the practice of the United Nations inter-agency system. It is practical because it is based on the personal experience of its author, not on theoretical models. The broadening concept of security, affecting the attitudes of states towards refugees, is the underlying theme of the book. As a result, the contemporary preoccupation with how best to provide international protection to all those in need of it is reviewed from a number of relevant perspectives - including that of peacekeeping, sanctions, and coordination and competence within the United Nations. Pirkko Kourula worked for some twelve years in UNHCR in Asia, Europe and the USA, and was Deputy Director of UNHCR Liaison Office at United Nations Headquarters in New York from 1991 to 1996. She was also Director for Humanitarian Assistance and Food Aid at FINNIDA, the Finnish International Development Agency, Ministry of Foreign Affairs.
 

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Contents

REFUGEES IN THE INTERNATIONAL SCENE
1
International regional national and human security
16
The sources purpose and use of the refugee definition
35
THE INTERNATIONAL REFUGEE DEFINITION
49
general principles and trends
63
Determination of refugee status
85
Application of the international refugee definition
128
Concluding remarks
143
INTERNATIONAL PROTECTION
203
International protection and peacekeeping
222
International protection and political enforcement action
240
International protection and coordination
249
International protection as a characteristic
265
Concluding remarks
302
Responsibilities pertaining to reavailment
312
State practice
319

Central America
150
Europe
157
Concluding remarks
168
The refugee definition and institutional competence of UNHCR
174
New focus on specific categories of displaced persons
184
Absence of competence
198
Concluding remarks
333
A refugee strategy and the broad concept of security
341
A refugee strategy refugee definition and international protection
351
A refugee strategy and international solidarity
358
INDEX
399
Copyright

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