Roman Villas in Central Italy: A Social and Economic History
This volume, which was awarded Honorable Mention and a Silver Medal from the Premio Romanistico Internationazionale GÚrard Boulvert, investigates the socio-economic role of elite villas in Roman Central Italy drawing on both documentary sources and material evidence. Through the composite picture emerging from the juxtaposition of literary texts and archaeological evidence, the book traces elite ideological attitudes and economic behavior, caught between what was morally acceptable and the desire to invest capital intelligently. The analysis of the biases affecting the application of modern historiographical models to the interpretation of the archaeology frames the discussion on the identification of slave quarters in villas and the putative second century crisis of the Italian economy. The book brings an innovative perspective to the debate on the villa-system and the decline of villas in the imperial period.
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Chapter One Villae Maritimae
Chapter Two Villae Maritimae as Economic Enterprises
Chapter Three Villae Rusticae and the Ideological Realm
Chapter Four The Archaeology of Rural Villas
Chapter Five The Villa Schiavistica Model
Infrastructure and Imperial Villas
Chapter Seven Villa Topography and Involvement with Neighbors
Chapter Eight The Chronology of Villas and the Secondcentury Crisis
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1st century b.c. 2nd century 2nd century a.d. 4th century └eld agricultural amphorae ancient └nds aqueduct archaeological architectural └rst phase └sh └shpond └stulae Astura atrium attested bath quarters belonging Blera brick stamps built in opus Carandini Casale Catalogue century century century cistern Coarelli coastal villas cocciopesto Colle construction courtyard cryptoportico dated decoration dolia elite excavated Fiano Romano Figure Fosso fragments Franceschini 2005 garden harbor identi└ed indicate inscription Lafon large villa Latium located Lugli marble maritime villas mosaic ┴oors occupation opus caementicium opus incertum opus latericium opus mixtum opus quadratum opus reticulatum opus sectile opus spicatum pars rustica pars urbana paved peristyle Piccarreta piscinae Pliny Poggio pond portico pottery probably production recovered rectangular remains residential Rome rooms second century Sette└nestre side sigillata slave structures substructures Suburbium tesserae tiles Torre tufa Tusculum Valenti Varro vaulted Via Cassia villa was built visible Volusii walls in opus white tesserae wine