China's Muslim Hui Community: Migration, Settlement and Sects
This is a reconstruction of the history of the Muslim community in China known today as the Hui or often as the Chinese Muslims as distinct from the Turkic Muslims such as the Uyghurs. It traces their history from the earliest period of Islam in China up to the present day, but with particular emphasis on the effects of the Mongol conquest on the transfer of central Asians to China, the establishment of stable immigrant communities in the Ming dynasty and the devastating insurrections against the Qing state during the nineteenth century. Sufi and other Islamic orders such as the Ikhwani have played a key role in establishing the identity of the Hui, especially in north-western China, and these are examined in detail as is the growth of religious education and organisation and the use of the Arabic and Persian languages. The relationship between the Chinese Communist Party and the Hui as an officially designated nationality and the social and religious life of Hui people in contemporary China are also discussed.
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Ahong Anliang Arabic and Persian army Asian Autonomous Region Bai Shouyi became Beijing Beizhuang Bijiachang Central Asia centre century Chinese Islam Chinese Muslims conflict Cultural Revolution D'Ollone daotang Ding Dongxiang emperor ethnic groups ethnic minority followers forces Gansu Gedimu gongbei Han Chinese Hezhou Hualong Hui Autonomous Hui communities Hui Muslims Hui population Hui villages Huihui HZJS Imam insurrection Islam in China Jahriyya Jinjibao Khufiyya known language Lanzhou leaders Lintan Linxia Ma Hualong Manchu Mecca menhuan military Ming dynasty Mongol mosque Multicoloured Mosque Muslim communities Muslims in China Nanjing Ningxia northwest China northwestern China officials organisation origins prayer Qing Qinghai Qixi Qur'an religious Salar sect Shaanxi shaykhs Sufi Sufi orders Sufism Taiping Tang Taozhou teachings Tibetan Tong Tongxin town trade tradition troops Turkic Urumqi Uyghur Wang Daiyu western Xi'an Xidaotang Xinjiang Yangzhou Yihewani Yinchuan Ymchuan Yuan dynasty Yunnan Zhang Zhongguo