Macon has been a crossroads of cultures since Native Americans built the massive earthworks that now form the Ocmulgee National Monument. In the 19th century, fortunes rose and fell with the price of cotton for small farmers and businessmen, as well as plantation owners. The Civil War destroyed the plantation economy, but it left Macon's historic treasures largely undisturbed. Though manufacturing replaced plantation slavery, cotton and race remained central facts of life as the "City of Churches" adapted to a changing world. From the 1950s onward, the city's role as a textile center withered, but the likes of Little Richard, Otis Redding, and the Allman Brothers Band built a musical legacy for Macon that survives today.
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20th century African American Allman Brothers Band American Buildings Survey Atlanta Baptist Church began Bibb County Bibb County Courthouse Booker built Cannonball House celebrate Central City Park Central Georgia Central of Georgia Cherry Street City Auditorium city’s Civil Company Confederate States Laboratory congregation cotton agriculture Cotton Avenue Creek Douglass Theatre downtown Macon early 20th century early 21st century Elam Alexander federal Georgia Railway Georgia State College Georgia State Fair Hall of Fame Historic American Buildings industrial Joseph Catholic Church landmarks Lanier Library of Congress located Macon’s black community Macon’s history Matthew Jennings Middle Georgia Archives Mulberry Street National Park Service Native American Ocmulgee National Monument Ocmulgee River Otis Redding Photograph by Matthew Photograph by Stephen photograph shows plantation plaza Poplar Street Railroad religious School served slavery slaves Southern Stephen Wallace Taylor Temple Mound Terminal Station Today town’s Washington Community Center Washington Memorial Library white Maconites