The Conquest of History: Spanish Colonialism and National Histories in the Nineteenth Century
As Spain rebuilt its colonial regime in Cuba, Puerto Rico, and the Philippines after the Spanish American revolutions, it turned to history to justify continued dominance. The metropolitan vision of history, however, always met with opposition in the colonies.
The Conquest of History examines how historians, officials, and civic groups in Spain and its colonies forged national histories out of the ruins and relics of the imperial past. By exploring controversies over the veracity of the Black Legend, the location of Christopher Columbus’s mortal remains, and the survival of indigenous cultures, Christopher Schmidt-Nowara’s richly documented study shows how history became implicated in the struggles over empire. It also considers how these approaches to the past, whether intended to defend or to criticize colonial rule, called into being new postcolonial histories of empire and of nations.
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Academy of Spanish African Agustín Stahl Álvarez Junco Americas Antillean Antilles archipelago archives argued Barcelona Bartolomé Black Legend Blumentritt Brau Cádiz Caribbean Casas Casas’s Castelar Cesáreo Fernández Duro Christopher Columbus chronicles civilization colonial regime Columbus Columbus’s remains commemoration conquistadors creole Cristóbal Colón critics Cuba Cuba and Puerto Cuban culture defended Dominican empire esclavitud España European Exposición Fabié figure Filipino Fradera friars Havana historians historiography Ibid imperial Imprenta Indians indios intellectual island islas Filipinas Jorrín José Antonio Saco José Rizal Labra liberal López Prieto lumbus Madrid Manuel Martín Martínez metropolis metropolitan monument Morga national history Navarrete Oviedo patriots Philippines Pinzón Política political Ponce de León prehistory Prescott Puerto Rico restos de Colón Rican Royal Academy Saco’s Santo Domingo Schmidt-Nowara scholars slavery Sociedad sought sources Spain Spaniards Spanish American revolutions Spanish colonial Spanish conquest Spanish History Spanish monarchy Spanish nation Spanish rule symbols tion University Press William Hickling Prescott World writings