Aesthetics:, Volume 1
In his Aesthetics Hegel gives full expression to his seminal theory of art. He surveys the history of art from ancient India, Egypt, and Greece through to the Romantic movement of his own time, criticizes major works, and probes their meaning and significance; his rich array of examples gives broad scope for his judgement and makes vivid his exposition of his theory. The substantial Introduction is Hegel's best exposition of his general philosophy of art, and provides the ideal way into his Aesthetics. In Part I he considers the general nature of art: he distinguishes art, as a spiritual experience, from religion and philosophy; he discusses the beauty of art and differentiates it from the beauty of nature; and he examines artistic genius and originality. Part II provides a sort of history of art, divded into three periods called Symbolic (India, Persia, Egypt), Classical (Greece), and Romantic (medieval and post-medieval up to the end of the eighteenth century). Part III deals individually with architecture, scuplture, painting, music, and literature.
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absolute abstract action activity actual Aeschylus allegory already animal appearance art-form artistic aspect beauty becomes belongs bring character classical art Concept concrete conﬁguration conﬂict connection consciousness contrary Cronus deﬁciency deﬁnite determinacy determinate Divine element especially essence essential Eumenides everything example existence explicitly expression external feeling ﬁeld ﬁgures ﬁnd ﬁnite ﬁnitude ﬁrst ﬁxed form of art freedom genuine gods Goethe Greek Greek mythology hand heart Hegel Hephaestus Herodotus honour human Idea Ideal ideal art imagination immediate independence individual inﬁnite inherently inner interest inwardness man’s material meaning mode nature negative object opposition Ormuzd Pantheism Parsi particular passion pathos poetry precisely present production purely reality reﬂection relation religion remains representation romantic art sacriﬁce satisﬁed scientiﬁc sculpture sense sensuous shape side signiﬁcance situation Sophocles soul speciﬁc sphere spirit subject-matter subjective sublimity substantial symbolic symbolic art thing tion true truth uniﬁcation unity universal whole Zeus