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admitted Archibald Michie Australia become capital cent civilised co-operation colony companies competition compulsory cost demand difficulty dwellings effect eight hours employed employer enactment enforced England evils existing fact favour francs Free Library freedom Government guilds Herbert Spencer houses human improvement increase individual industrial interest interference investment John O'Shanassy land legislation less letters liberty limited London matter means Melbourne ment monopoly moral municipal nature organisation paid Parliament penny penny post persons political population Post Office Postmaster-General present principle private enterprise production profit proletariat proposed protection question racter railway regulation restriction result Roman Catholic rule Schaffle Sir Charles Dilke Social Democratic Federation Socialism socialistic society statute things tion town Trade Union true Unionists United Kingdom Victoria voluntary wages whole workers working-class workmen
Page 101 - but in the sober blue-book language and truth, usual in such publications of the Government. The scenes there depicted were common in many industries nearly to the middle of the present century. With the dawn of the nineteenth century came the first Factory Act, ' for the Preservation of the Health and Morals of Apprentices and others employed in Cotton and other Industries.' The necessity for this Act had
Page 54 - THE LIMITS OF LIBERTY. The power of the State may be defined as the resultant of all the social forces operating within a definite area. ' It follows,' says Professor Huxley, with characteristic logical thoroughness, ' that no limit is, or can be, theoretically set to State interference.
Page 241 - one of the objects of the Post Office. But in the reign of Charles the Second, an enterprising citizen of London, William Dockwray, set up, at great expense, a penny post, which delivered letters and parcels six or eight times a day in the busy and crowded streets near the Exchange, and four times a day in the outskirts of the capital. The improvement was, as usual,
Page 132 - Return in question (which reproduces it as genuine with the endorsement of the then governor of the colony, Sir Henry Loch), was ' presented to both Houses of Parliament, by command of her Majesty.' In the last hours of the session of 1889, the hon. the treasurer announced that the government balance in the hands of the associated banks had fallen
Page 2 - appliances of life. Leaving out of the comparison early barbaric states, there has been a conspicuous progress from the time when most rustics lived on barley bread, rye bread, and oatmeal, down to our own time when the consumption of white wheaten bread is universal—from the days when coarse jackets reaching to the knees
Page 139 - no person shall be employed below ground in any mine for more than eight consecutive hours . . . from the time he commences to descend the mine until he is relieved of his work.' . . . The burthen of proving innocence of charges under these sections is thrown upon the mine owner or ' other person.
Page 7 - says compel him. But what are the circumstances? In the one case there are goods ordered, or a contract entered into, which he cannot supply or execute without yielding; and in the other case he submits to a wage less than he likes because otherwise
Page 15 - agencies, the directive apparatus must be extensive, elaborate, and powerful. That it is thus with individual organisms needs no saying; and that it must be thus with social organisms is obvious. Beyond the regulative apparatus such as in our own society is required for carrying on national defence and maintaining public order and personal safety, there must, under the
Page 243 - Vic. cap. 36, that— Every person who shall convey otherwise than by the post a letter. . . . shall for every letter forfeit £5, and every person who shall be in the practice of so conveying letters . . . . shall for every week during which the practice shall be continued forfeit £100 ; and every person who shall
Page 34 - To resume then. The Socialist State is not only to produce by means of land and capital owned in common and managed by public officials; it is also to distribute the wealth produced by this social co-operation according to the proportion of work performed by each individual *. Now here is