Handbook of Geostationary Orbits

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Springer Science & Business Media, Oct 31, 1994 - Science - 309 pages
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This Handbook 0/ Geostationary Orbits is in principle an extension of the Introduction to Geostationary Orbits that was printed as a special publica tion by the European Space Agency (ESA) in 1983. The immediate purpose was to provide the theoretical background and some practical advice for the orbit control of geostationary spacecraft by means of the software package "PEPSOC". PEPSOC, short for "Portable ESOC Package for Synchronous Orbit Con trol" , was produced by the European Space Operations Centre (ESOC) to support spacecraft operations in the routine phase. The resulting publication was a handbook for engineers and spacecraft operators, rather than a clas sical textbook in celestial mechanics. During the past eleven years, the software system PEPSOC has found a wide application both within and outside the ESA member states. At the same time, the original Introduction found numerous readers also outside the group of PEPSOC operators. The continuing development and the in creasing use of the geostationary orbit has now created the need for a new, more detailed publication to include new aspects that have emerged. The present Handbook contains several additional subjects and more math ematics to describe the methods applied in PEPSOC. The geophysical and astronomical parameters have been updated to reflect the latest recom mended values. This results in small deviations of the numerical data compared to the Introduction.
 

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Contents

1 GENERAL BACKGROUND
3
12 The Geostationary Orbit
6
13 Legal Aspects
9
2 FUNDAMENTAL DEFINITIONS
13
22 Elliptical Orbits and Classical Elements
20
23 Linearised Motion and Synchronous Elements
26
3 ORBIT MANOEUVRES
42
32 Inclination Manoeuvres
47
63 Active Inclination Control
155
64 Longterm Strategy
162
65 Influence of Errors
175
7 LONGITUDE STATION KEEPING
178
72 Longitude Control
183
73 Eccentricity Control
190
74 Near an Equilibrium Longitude
198
75 Longitude Shift and Reacquisition
203

33 Single Inplane Manoeuvre
51
34 Multiple Inplane Manoeuvres
60
4 PERTURBED ORBITS
68
42 Nonspherical Earth Potential and Longitude Evolution
70
43 Solar and Lunar Attraction in a Moving System
76
44 Inclination Evolution
84
45 Solar Radiation Pressure
91
5 OPERATIONAL PRACTICE
97
52 Computer Program Operations
102
53 Eclipse by Earth
110
54 Eclipse by Moon
116
55 Colocation
122
56 Separation Methods
127
57 Proximity Manoeuvres
141
6 INCLINATION STATION KEEPING
146
62 Passive Inclination Control
150
76 Manoeuvre Calculation
211
8 ORBIT DETERMINATION
220
82 Tracking Measurements
227
83 Tracking Geometry
236
84 Estimation Process
242
85 Derivatives and Differentials
248
86 Tracking Accuracy
256
87 Observability and Accuracy
267
Table 1 Greenwich sidereal angle
286
Table 2 Longitude acceleration by Earth
287
Table 3 Inclination drift
293
Table 4 Eclipse by Moon
294
LIST OF SYMBOLS
296
BIBLIOGRAPHY
298
SUBJECT INDEX
300
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Page 298 - World Administrative Radio Conference on the Use of the Geostationary-Satellite Orbit and the Planning of Space Services Utilizing It - First Session, Geneva, 1985.
Page 298 - The modem International Law of Outer Space. Pergamon Press, New York 1982 & 1984 Elyasberg PE: Introduction to the Theory of Flight of Artificial Satellites.

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