The Muslim World After 9/11

Front Cover
Momentous events since September 11, 2001-Operation Enduring Freedom, the global war on terrorism, and the war in Iraq-have dramatically altered the political environment of the Muslim world. Many of the forces influencing this environment, however, are the products of trends that have been at work for many decades. This book examines the major dynamics that drive changes in the religio-political landscape of the Muslim world-a vast and diverse region that stretches from Western Africa through the Middle East to the Southern Philippines and includes Muslim communities and diasporas throughout the world-and draws the implications of these trends for global security and U.S. and Western interests. It presents a typology of ideological tendencies in the different regions of the Muslim world and identifies the factors that produce religious extremism and violence. It assesses key cleavages along sectarian, ethnic, regional, and national lines and examines how those cleavages generate challenges and opportunities for the United States. Finally, the authors identify possible strategies and political and military options for the United States to pursue in response to changing conditions in this critical and volatile part of the world.
 

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Contents

Overview
1
The Cradle of the Muslim World David Thaler
69
Rollie Lal
147
Recessed Islamic Politics and Convergence withthe West Ian O Lesser
175
What Future for the Islamic State? C Christine Fair
207
C Christine Fair
247
Rollie Lal
297
Apocalypse Soon or Eccentric Survival? Cheryl Benard
321
Moderate Tradition and Radical Challenge Angel M Rabasa
367
The Case of Nigeria Peter Chalk
413
Theodore Karasik and Cheryl Benard
433
APPENDIX Muslim Diasporas by Country of Residence
479
Selected Bibliography
491
Index
503
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About the author (2004)

Angel Rabasa is a senior political scientist at RAND whose research and analyses address problems of international security, extremism, and terrorism. His 2003 publication, The Muslim World after 9/11, received wide acclaim for its comprehensive synthesis of the trends across the different regions of the Muslim world. Rabasa is the lead author of the 2006 publication Beyond al-Qaeda, a two-volume collection of analyses that tracked jihadists' movements globally and highlighted the role of ideology in sustaining Islamist terrorism, and the author of Building Moderate Muslim Networks (2007) with Cheryl Benard. He is also the author of books on Islamism in Southeast Asia, Turkey and East Africa, and on the de-radicalization of Islamist extremists.

Eric Larson (Ph.D., Policy Analysis, RAND Graduate School) is a policy analyst at RAND with nearly two decades of experience, primarily in national security and foreign affairs.

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