The Dead Sea Scrolls Today, Rev. Ed

Front Cover
Wm. B. Eerdmans Publishing, Feb 22, 2010 - Religion - 260 pages
Best-selling book on the Scrolls, updated to reflect current scholarship and recent debates

The premier Dead Sea Scrolls primer ever since its original publication in 1994, James VanderKam's Dead Sea Scrolls Today won the Biblical Archaeology Society's Publication Award in 1995 for the Best Popular Book on Biblical Archaeology. In this expanded and updated edition the book will continue to illuminate the greatest archaeological find in modern times.

While retaining the format, style, and aims of the first edition, the second edition of The Dead Sea Scrolls Today takes into account the full publication of the texts from the caves and the post-1994 debates about the Qumran site, and it contains an additional section regarding information that the Scrolls provide about Second Temple Judaism and the groups prominent at the time. Further, VanderKam has enlarged the bibliographies throughout and changed the phrasing in many places. Finally, quotations of the Scrolls are from the fifth edition of Geza Vermes's translation, The Complete Dead Sea Scrolls in English (Penguin, 1997).
 

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User Review  - dono421846 - LibraryThing

Accessible overview of the history and controversies surrounding the Dead Sea Scrolls. The main body has been updated, but the postscript was disappointing in that it seemed to gloss over the ongoing ... Read full review

LibraryThing Review

User Review  - ronjawdi - LibraryThing

This book presents an overview of Dead Sea Scrolls scholarship. It is written generally for the lay person, nothing complex is discussed. If one is unfamiliar with the dead sea scrolls and their impact on biblical scholarship this is an excellent read. Read full review

Selected pages

Contents

Discoveries
1
B THE QUMRAN DISCOVERIES
2
b The Cave Itself
13
2 The Other Caves
16
3 The Ruins of Qumran
20
1 The Buildings
21
2 The Cemeteries
25
1 The Buildings
26
The Qumran Essenes
127
1 The PreQumran Period
128
2 The Qumran Period
133
b Phase II
136
B A SKETCH OF QUMRAN THOUGHT AND PRACTICE
137
2 The Two Ways
138
3 The Community of the New Covenant
139
4 Scriptural Interpretation
141

2 The Cemeteries
31
4 Methods for Dating the Discoveries
33
2 Accelerator Mass Spectrometry
35
3 Internal Allusions
39
1 Carbon 14
41
Survey of the Manuscripts
47
1 Biblical Scrolls
48
2 Targums
50
3 Tefillin and Mezuzot
51
B APOCRYPHAL AND PSEUDEPIGRAPHAL TEXTS
52
b Sirach Ecclesiasticus or the Wisdom of Jesus ben Sira
53
c Letter of Jeremiah Baruch 6
54
a Enoch or 1 Enoch
55
b Jubilees
57
c Testaments of the Twelve Patriarchs
58
d New Pseudepigrapha
60
C OTHER TEXTS
61
1 Commentaries on Biblical Material
62
1 The Habakkuk Commentary 1QpHab
64
2 The Nahum Commentary 4Q169
67
3 The Commentary on Psalms 4Q171 173
69
b Thematic Commentaries
70
2 The Testimonia 4Q175
71
3 The Melchizedek Text 11QMelch
73
4 A Commentary on Genesis 4Q252
74
2 Paraphrases
75
a The Damascus Document
76
b The Rule of the Community
77
c The Temple Scroll
80
d Some of the Works of the Torah 4QMMT
81
4 Writings for Worship
83
1 Liturgical Texts
84
2 Calendrical Texts
85
b Poetic Compositions
86
2 Other Poems
87
5 Eschatological Works
88
b Texts about the New Jerusalem
90
a 4Q184 Wiles of the Wicked Woman
91
7 The Copper Scroll 3Q15
92
8 Documentary Texts
93
The Identification of the Qumran Group
97
2 The Contents of the Qumran Texts and Essene Beliefs and Practices
101
a Theology
102
2 The Afterlife
105
b Practice
107
1 Nonuse of Oil
108
3 The Pure Meal
111
4 Bodily Functions
112
5 Spitting
113
B PROBLEMS WITH THE ESSENE HYPOTHESIS
114
2 Marriage
116
3 The Name Essene
118
C OTHER THEORIES
119
2 Jerusalem Origins
122
c The Universe
142
5 Worship
144
6 The End and the Messiahs
145
C THE QUMRAN ESSENES AND THEIR PLACE IN JUDAISM
147
The Scrolls and the Old Testament
157
1 The Period of the Hebrew BibleOld Testament
158
2 The PreQumran Textual Witnesses
159
b The Septuagint
160
c The Samaritan Pentateuch
161
3 Qumran Contributions
162
b Qumran Agreements with the Septuagint against the Masoretic Text
163
2 Major Examples
164
b Samuel
166
c An Unusual Case
167
d Theories about Textual Development
168
2 A Theory of Textual Plurality and Variety
169
3 Successive Literary Editions
171
1 The Book of Psalms
172
2 Daniel 4
176
C A CANON OF SCRIPTURE
178
1 Evidence outside Qumran
179
1315
181
c Philo On the Contemplative Life 25
182
35
183
2348
184
g Josephus Against Apion 13743
185
2 Evidence from Qumran
186
a Criteria
187
b Authoritative Books
188
2 Other Authoritative Books
190
a Jubilees
191
b 1 Enoch
192
c The Temple Scroll
193
The Scrolls and the New Testament
197
B SIMILARITIES BETWEEN THE SCROLLS AND THE NEW TESTAMENT
201
1 The Many
202
2 The Guardian
203
1 New Testament Papyri in Cave 7?
204
3 The Sermon on the Mount
205
2 Characters
206
b Others
209
3 Practices
210
b The Meal
211
c Calendar
214
4 Eschatology
215
b Biblical Interpretation
219
c Teachings
222
C CONCLUSIONS
224
Controversies about the Dead Sea Scrolls
227
B EVENTS SINCE 1989
233
Postscript
243
Index
249
Copyright

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About the author (2010)

James C. VanderKam is the John A. O Brien Professor of Hebrew Scriptures at the University of Notre Dame and a member of the international team charged with editing and translating the unpublished Dead Sea Scrolls.

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