Phraseological Units: Basic Concepts and Their Application
David John Allerton, Nadja Nesselhauf, Paul Skandera
Schwabe Verlag Basel, 2004 - Phraseology - 188 pages
Phraseological Units: basic concepts and their applicationPhraseology, an established concept in central and eastern Europe, has in recent years received increasing attention in the English-speaking world. It has long been clear to language learners and teachers that a native speaker's competence in a language goes well beyond a lexico-semantic knowledge of the individual words and the grammatical rules for combining them into sentences; linguistic competence also includes a familiarity with restricted collocations (like break the rules), idioms (like spill the beans in a non-literal sense) and proverbs (like Revenge is sweet), as well as the ability to produce or understand metaphorical interpretations. The first five papers of this volume set out to define the basic phraseological concepts collocation, idiom, proverb, metaphor and the related one of compound (-word). The remaining six papers explore a series of issues involving analytic, quantitative, computational and lexicographic aspects of phraseological units. The volume, as a whole, is a comprehensive and comprehensible introduction to this blossoming field of linguistics.
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adjective adverb Allerton analysis approach Benson British National Corpus Cambridge classifier clauses co-occurrence Cobuild CODP components compounds computational linguistics concept of collocation conceptual metaphors considered context copula copula predications corpus Cowie criteria definition denote derived dictionary discussion elements English entries example exocentric Firth Firthian fixed expressions free combinations frequent German Goatly grammatical Gwunder Hacken Hausmann head noun idiomatic idioms interpretation J. R. Firth Lakoff language lexemes lexical items Lexical Semantics lexicographic lexicon lion London Mel'cuk modifiers multi-word lexemes multiword units mutual information navigated rivers navigated the rivers NLP systems node non-head notion of idiom noun phrase occur participle phrasal verbs phraseological units polysemy postmodification pragmatic premodifier properties proverbs refer relational adjectives restricted sense sentence Sinclair strength of attraction structure subtype syntactic theory tions topic tradition typical utterance variants word combinations word formation word-forms