The Violence of Green Revolution: Third World Agriculture, Ecology and Politics
As the agricultural systems of many countries are poised, as a result of the recent advances in biotechnology for what may soon come to be called the Second Green Revolution, this book is particularly appropriate. Vandana Shiva examined the impact of the first Green Revolution on the breadbasket of India. In a cogent empirical argument, she shows how the 'quick fix' promise of large gains in output pushed aside serious pursuit of an alternative agricultural strategy grounded in respect for the environmental wisdom of peasant systems and building an egalitarian, needs-prientated agriculture consistent with the village-based, endogenous political traditions of Gandhism. Dr Shiva documents the destruction of genetic diversity and soil fertility that resulted and in highly original fashion shows how the Green Revolution also contributed to the acute social and political conflicts now tearing the Punjab apart.
Set in the context of a sophisticated critique of the privileged epistemological position achieved by modern science, whereby it both aspires to provide technological solutions for social and political problems while at the same time disclaiming responsibility for the new problems which it creates in its wake, the author looks to the future in an analysis of a new project to apply the latest Gene Revolution technology to India and warns of the further environmental and social damage which will ensue.
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acre agricul agricultural research Akali Anandpur Sahib Beas Bhakra dam biotechnology Borlaug breeding Central government Centre chemical fertilizers conflict corporate cost created crisis crops cultivation cultural cusecs Delhi demands destruction diseases dwarf varieties ecological erosion farm farmers Ferozepur food grain Gandhi gene genetic diversity genetic resources Green Revolution Green Revolution strategy growth Haryana hectares herbicides high yielding varieties impact increase India indigenous industry inputs intensive agriculture intensive irrigation International IRRI Kapurthala Kg/ha lakh land linked ment million monocultures National nature nature's nutrient oilseeds output patent peasants Pepsico Pepsico project pesticides pests plant breeding potato programme pulses Punjab Agricultural University Rajasthan region resistance rice varieties river Rockefeller Foundation rural scarcity seed policy share shift Sikh social soil SYL canal Third World tion tional tonnes traditional uniformity violence vulnerability water table waterlogging wheat wheat and rice World Bank