Technology and Urbanism in Late Bronze Age Egypt

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Oxford University Press, 2018 - Cities and towns, Ancient - 328 pages
This book provides the first systematic and comprehensive discussion of the intra-urban distribution of high-status goods, and their production or role as a marker of the nature of the settlements known as royal cities of New Kingdom Egypt (c.1550-1069 BC).

Using spatial analysis to detect patterns of artefact distribution, the study focuses on Amarna, Gurob, and Malqata, incorporating Qantir/Pi-Ramesse for comparison. Being royal cities, these three settlements had a great need for luxury goods. Such items were made of either highly valuable materials, or materials that were not easily produced and therefore required a certain set of skills. Specifically, the industries discussed are those of glass, faience, metal, sculpture, and textiles.

Analysis of the evidence of high-status industrial processes throughout the urban settlements, has demonstrated that industrial activities took place in institutionalized buildings, in houses of the elite, and also in small domestic complexes. This leads to the conclusion that materials were processed at different levels throughout the settlements and were subject to a strict pattern of control. The methodological approach to each settlement necessarily varies, depending on the nature and quality of the available data. By examining the distribution of high-status or luxury materials, in addition to archaeological and artefactual evidence of their production, a deeper understanding has been achieved of how industries were organized and how they influenced urban life in New Kingdom Egypt.

 

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Contents

Introduction and Background
1
Amarna Urban Manufacture of Luxury Items
53
Gurob Luxury Goods Manufacture in a Harbour and Palace City
187
Malqata Manufacturing at a Ceremonial Settlement
206
Luxury Goods Manufacture at Amarna Gurob and Malqata Compared
230
The Workshop as a Microcosm Workshops and Factories in Urban Settlements
244
Household or Cottage Industries Modelling Industrial Diversity in New Kingdom Houses and Courtyards
263
Conclusions
285
Bibliography
297
Archival Materials
319
Name Index
321
General Index
325
Copyright

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About the author (2018)


Anna K. Hodgkinson, Marie Sklodowska-Curie Post-doctoral Fellow Freie Universitat, Berlin, Egyptian Museum and Papyrus Collection, The Amarna Project,

Dr Anna K. Hodgkinson has over ten years of archaeological fieldwork and data processing experience, having worked as an archaeologist and a GIS specialist in the UK, France, and Egypt, where she has worked at Amarna, Gurob, and Qantir/ Pi-Ramesse. She furthermore directed her own fieldwork at Amarna in 2014, where her team excavated a domestic industrial workshop. Hodgkinson has published papers on Egyptian archaeology as well as on the use of GIS software in archaeology. In 2014, the author carried out a fellowship at the British Museum in London. Since October 2015, she holds Marie Sklodowska-Curie post-doctoral fellowship at the Freie Universitat, Berlin

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