The United Nations Security Council and War: The Evolution of Thought and Practice since 1945

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Vaughan Lowe, Adam Roberts, Jennifer Welsh, Dominik Zaum
OUP Oxford, Apr 15, 2010 - Political Science - 816 pages
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This is the first major exploration of the United Nations Security Council's part in addressing the problem of war, both civil and international, since 1945. Both during and after the Cold War the Council has acted in a limited and selective manner, and its work has sometimes resulted in failure. It has not been - and was never equipped to be - the centre of a comprehensive system of collective security. However, it remains the body charged with primary responsibility for international peace and security. It offers unique opportunities for international consultation and military collaboration, and for developing legal and normative frameworks. It has played a part in the reduction in the incidence of international war in the period since 1945. This study examines the extent to which the work of the UN Security Council, as it has evolved, has or has not replaced older systems of power politics and practices regarding the use of force. Its starting point is the failure to implement the UN Charter scheme of having combat forces under direct UN command. Instead, the Council has advanced the use of international peacekeeping forces; it has authorized coalitions of states to take military action; and it has developed some unanticipated roles such as the establishment of post-conflict transitional administrations, international criminal tribunals, and anti-terrorism committees. The book, bringing together distinguished scholars and practitioners, draws on the methods of the lawyer, the historian, the student of international relations, and the practitioner. It begins with an introductory overview of the Council's evolving roles and responsibilities. It then discusses specific thematic issues, and through a wide range of case studies examines the scope and limitations of the Council's involvement in war. It offers frank accounts of how belligerents viewed the UN, and how the Council acted and sometimes failed to act. The appendices provide comprehensive information - much of it not previously brought together in this form - of the extraordinary range of the Council's activities. This book is a project of the Oxford Leverhulme Programme on the Changing Character of War.
 

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Contents

CHAPTER 18THE SECURITY COUNCIL AND THE WARS IN THE FORMER YUGOSLAVIA
iii
A PRACTITIONERS VIEW
iii
CHAPTER 20THE SECURITY COUNCIL AND THE AFGHAN CONFLICT
iii
CHAPTER 21THE SECURITY COUNCIL AND THREE WARS IN WEST AFRICA
iii
EXPLORING THE SECURITY COUNCILS NONINVOLVEMENT IN WARS
iii
PART IVTHE SECURITY COUNCIL AND THE CHANGING CHARACTER OF WAR
iv
CHAPTER 23THE DIFFERENT FUNCTIONS OF THE SECURITY COUNCIL WITH RESPECT TO HUMANITARIAN LAW
v
CHAPTER 24THE SECURITY COUNCIL AND HUMANITARIAN INTERVENTION
xiii

CHAPTER 5THE SECURITY COUNCIL AND THE GREAT POWERS
iii
THE UNITING FOR PEACE RESOLUTION
vi
CHAPTER 7THE SECURITY COUNCIL AND PEACEKEEPING
vi
THEMES AND TRENDS IN UN SECURITY COUNCIL SANCTIONS SINCE 1990
vi
THE CASE OF NATO
vi
CHAPTER 10THE SECURITY COUNCIL IN THE POSTCOLD WAR WORLD
xviii
PART IIICASE STUDIES
iii
CHAPTER 11THE UNITED NATIONS THE SECURITY COUNCIL AND THE KOREAN WAR
iii
CHAPTER 12THE SUEZ CRISIS AND THE BRITISH DILEMMA AT THE UNITED NATIONS
iii
RESPONSIBILITY WITHOUT POWER
iii
CHAPTER 14THE SECURITY COUNCIL AND THE INDIAPAKISTAN WARS
iii
CHAPTER 15THE SECURITY COUNCIL AND EAST TIMOR
iii
CHAPTER 16THE SECURITY COUNCIL AND THE IRANIRAQ WAR
iii
CHAPTER 17THE SECURITY COUNCIL AND THE 1991 AND 2003 WARS IN IRAQ
iii
CHAPTER 25THE SECURITY COUNCIL AND THE ADMINISTRATION OF WARTORN AND CONTESTED TERRITORIES
xxviii
CHAPTER 26THE SECURITY COUNCIL AND INTERNATIONAL LAW ON MILITARY OCCUPATIONS
xxxviii
CHAPTER 27THE SECURITY COUNCIL AND TERRORISM
lv
CHAPTER 28THE SECURITY COUNCIL AND THE USE OF PRIVATE FORCE
lxvii
APPENDICES
lxxvii
UN PEACEKEEPING OPERATIONS 19452006
lxxviii
UN MISSIONS INSTITUTIONS AND FORCES NOT CLASSIFIED AS PEACEKEEPING OPERATIONS 19452006
lxxxv
UNAUTHORIZED MILITARY OPERATIONS 19452006
lxxxix
UNAUTHORIZED SANCTIONS 19452006
xcii
VETOED RESOLUTIONS IN THE UN SECURITY COUNCIL 19452006
xcvi
USES OF THE UNITING FOR PEACE RESOLUTION 19502006
cv
LIST OF ARMED CONFLICTS AND CRISES 19452006
cvi
INDEX
xi
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About the author (2010)

Vaughan Lowe is Chichele Professor of Public International Law, and a Fellow of All Souls College, in the University of Oxford. He also practices in the field of international law as a barrister from Essex Court Chambers, London and has appeared in cases before English and International courts, and sits on international tribunals. Sir Adam Roberts is now President of the British Academy. Previous to this (from 1986 to 2007) he was Montague Burton Professor of International Relations at Oxford University, and a Fellow of Balliol College. His books include (ed. with Benedict Kingsbury), United Nations, Divided World: The UN s Roles in International Relations, 2nd edn. (Oxford University Press, 1993), and (ed. with Richard Guelff), Documents on the Laws of War, 3rd edn. (Oxforddn. University Press, 2000). Jennifer Welsh is Professor in International Relations at the University of Oxford and a Fellow of Somerville College. She is the author, most recently, of At Home In The World: Canada's Global Vision For The 21st Century (HarperCollins, 2004), and editor of Humanitarian Intervention and International Relations (Oxford Univeristy Press, 2003). She was recently named a Trudeau Fellow, and is currently on a Leverhulme research grant working on a project on 'sovereignty as responsibility'. Dominik Zaum is Lecturer in International Relations at the University of Reading, and author of The Sovereignty Paradox: The Norms and Politics of International Statebuilding (Oxford: Oxford University Press, 2007).

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