Medicine Transformed: Health, Disease and Society in Europe 1800-1930
Manchester University Press, Sep 4, 2004 - History - 414 pages
During the nineteenth century medicine underwent a radical transformation. In 1800, the body was still understood in terms of humors and fluids, and a wide range of individuals provided medical care. Institutions were marginal to the medical enterprise, and governments took almost no part in providing medical services. By 1930 a new modern medicine had begun to emerge across Europe. New understandings of the body opened up surgery and treatments, and hospitals became centers for care, research and training. In Medicine Transformed, original essays by established scholars in the social history of medicine explore these developments and examine topics such as the military and colonial medicine, the role of women and access to care. The essays provide an accessible introduction to the subject, setting nineteenth and early twentieth-century medicine in its political, cultural, intellectual and economic contexts.
Medicine transformed is complemented by a companion volume of primary and secondary readings: Health, disease and society in Europe, 1800-1930: A source book.
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The localization of disease
The changing role of the hospital 18001900
The emergence of modern surgery
The rise of laboratory medicine
The emergence of a modern profession?
doctors and nurses 18501920
public health 18301880
Colonial and imperial medicine
alienists anaesthesia antisepsis argued associated asylums authorities bacteria bacteriology became body Britain British Cambridge University Press caused centres changes Chapter cholera classes clinical colonial culture Darwin death dispensaries doctors eighteenth century elite epidemics eugenics eugenists Europe European fever Figure Florence Nightingale France function Galton Germany Glasgow historians History of Medicine hygiene ideas improved infection infectious diseases Infirmary insane institutions Jewson knowledge laboratory medicine London medical practice medical practitioners medical profession medical schools medical services mental military modern mortality Nightingale nineteenth century nurses operations organization Paris patients physicians policies political Poor Law population professional public health racial racial hygiene Reading role Routledge sanitary reform sick smallpox Society soft inheritance Source Book specialist status surgeons surgery surgical syphilis teaching techniques theory therapy treatment tropical tuberculosis twentieth century typhus unorthodox vaccine voluntary hospitals wards welfare Wellcome Library women World
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