The Nile: Origin, Environments, Limnology and Human Use

Front Cover
Henri J. Dumont
Springer Science & Business Media, May 6, 2009 - Science - 819 pages
What have we learnt about the Nile since the mid-1970s, the moment when Julian Rzóska decided that the time had come to publish a comprehensive volume about the biology, and the geological and cultural history of that great river? And what changes have meanwhile occurred in the basin? The human popu- tion has more than doubled, especially in Egypt, but also in East Africa. Locally, industrial development has taken place, and the Aswan High Dam was clearly not the last major infrastructure work that was carried out. More dams have been built, and some water diversions, like the Toshka lakes, have created new expanses of water in the middle of the Sahara desert. What are the effects of all this on the ec- ogy and economy of the Basin? That is what the present book sets out to explore, 33 years after the publi- tion of “The Nile: Biology of an Ancient River”. Thirty-seven authors have taken up the challenge, and have written the “new” book. They come from 13 different countries, and 15 among them represent the largest Nilotic states (Egypt, Sudan, Ethiopia, Uganda, and Kenya). Julian Rzóska died in 1984, and most of the - authors of his book have now either disappeared or retired from research. Only Jack Talling and Samir Ghabbour were still available to participate again.
 

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Contents

A Description of the Nile Basin and a Synopsis
1
A Closed Fresh Water
19
History of Scientific Research
23
Cenozoic Evolution of the Nile Basin 37
36
Late Quaternary Environments in the Nile Basin
61
The Nile Delta
74
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83
The Fayum Depression and Its Lakes
95
Bacteria and Viruses in the Nile 407
406
Composition Development and Productivity
431
Hydrophytes of the Nile in Egypt
463
Aquatic Plants of the Sudan
479
The Cnidaria of the Nile Basin
495
The Crustacean Zooplankton Copepoda Branchiopoda
521
Decapoda
546
The Nile Benthos
563

Lake NasserNubia
125
The Toshka Lakes 157
156
Elshabrawy_gamalyahoo com ElSheekh M
163
Swamps of the Upper White Nile
193
The Kyoga Catchment
205
Lake Victoria
215
Nilotic Lakes of the Western Rift 263
262
Lake Turkana and Its Link to the Nile
287
Nile Basin Climates
307
The Hydrology of the Nile Basin 335
334
Physical and Chemical Water Characteristics
367
River Nile Pollutants and Their Effect
395
Dejen Eshete
582
Freshwater Molluscs of the Nile Basin Past and Present 585
584
Aquatic Insects of the Nile Basin with Emphasis
631
Fish Fauna of the Nile
647
dejenesheteyahoo
651
Fossil Fish from the Nile River and Its Southern Basins 677
676
Birds of the Nile
705
Fisheries in the Nile System
723
Past Present Future
771
Color Plates
780
Index
805
Copyright

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