The Marathas 1600-1818, Part 2, Volume 4
In this book, Dr Stewart Gordon presents a comprehensive history of one of the most colourful and least-understood kingdoms of India: the Maratha Empire. The empire was founded by Shivaji in the mid-seventeenth century, spread across most of India during the following century, and was conquered by the British in the nineteenth century. Using administrative documents of the Maratha polity, family papers and Histories of the Empire, Stewart Gordon explores the origin of the Marathas, their emergence as elite families, patterns of loyalty and strategies for maintaining legitimacy. He traces how the armies developed into European-style infantry and artillery and assesses the economics that funded the polity, especially taxation and credit. Finally the author considers the lasting effects the empire had on administrations, law and trade patterns of Central India, Gujarat and Maharashtra.
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Political and military situation of the northern Deccan
The geopolitics of Maharashtra
Marathas and the Deccan sultanates
The Karnatak region
Shivaji 163080 and the Maratha polity
Main roads and forts of the Pune region c 1660
Family responses to invasion 16801719
Aurangzebs campaign against the Maratha hill forts 170007
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administration Afzal Khan Ahmadnagar artillery Aurangzeb Bajirao bakhar Balaji Vishwanath battle Bhonsle Bijapur Bombay Brahmin British Burhanpur campaign cash cavalry chauth commander conquest countryside court Dabhade decades Deccan defeated Delhi Desh deshmukh families deshmukh rights documents eighteenth century elite example factional forces forts Gaikwad Ghats Golconda Grant Duff Gujarat headmen Hindu Holkar important inam India infantry invaded jagir Jinji Karnatak Khandesh king kingdom Konkan Kulkarni land leaders lineages loyalty Maharashtra mainly Malhar Rao Holkar Malik Amber Malwa Maratha army Maratha bands Maratha families Maratha history Maratha polity military monsoon Mughal army Mughal Empire Muslim Nagoji Nagpur Nana Phadnavis negotiations Nizam northern Maharashtra Panipat pargana Pawar period Peshwa problems Pune Raghuji Ragunath Rao raids Rajaram Rajasthan Rajput region revenue Sambhaji saranjam Sardesai sardeshmukhi Sarkar Satara Shah Shahji Shahu Shinde Shinde's Shivaji strategy sultanates Surat Tarabai territory treaty tribute troops village warfare Yadav zamindars