The Marathas 1600-1818, Volume 2

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Cambridge University Press, Sep 16, 1993 - History - 202 pages
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In this volume in the New Cambridge History of India, Dr Stewart Gordon presents a new comprehensive history of one of the most colorful and least understood kingdoms of India: the Maratha polity. The kingdom was founded by Shivaji in the mid-seventeenth century and spread across much of India during the following century. It was subsequently conquered by the British in the nineteenth century, but none the less provided the basis for the formation of many princely states. Since independence a huge mass of administrative documents of the Maratha polity and many important family papers have become available to scholars. Stewart Gordon draws on this material to explore the origin of the Marathas in the Muslim kingdoms of the Deccan, their emergence as elite families, patterns of loyalty, and strategies for maintaining legitimacy. He traces how the Maratha armies developed from bands of lightly armed cavalry to European-style infantry and artillery and assesses the economics that funded the polity, especially taxation and credit. Finally, the author considers the legacy of the Maratha polity: the profound effects it had upon revenue administration, law, education, trade patterns, migration, and the economic and social make-up of Central India, Gujarat, and Maharashtra. In this book, Stewart Gordon presents a picture of everyday life in the Maratha polity as well as an important example of the dynamics of kingdoms during this period. The Marathas 1600-1818 will be widely read by students and specialists of Indian, military, and colonial history as well as by anthropologists.
 

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Contents

Political and military situation of the northern Deccan
1
The geopolitics of Maharashtra
10
Marathas and the Deccan sultanates
37
The Karnatak region
48
Shivaji 163080 and the Maratha polity
59
Main roads and forts of the Pune region c 1660
72
Family responses to invasion 16801719
91
Aurangzebs campaign against the Maratha hill forts 170007
102
Baji Rao Is northern expansion 17201740
114
Burhanpur Khandesh and Malwa c 1750
126
Conquest to administration 17401760
132
Centripetal forces 17601803
154
India in 1798
170
Index
196
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