Bloodlines: From Ethnic Pride to Ethnic Terrorism
In Bloodlines, Vamik Volkan, a world-renowned psychiatrist specializing in international relations, explores ethnic violence by examining history and diplomacy through a psychoanalytic lens. Dr. Volkan leads the reader on investigative tours of battlegrounds in the Middle East, Russia, Turkey, Cyprus, the Baltics, and the Balkans. In Serbia, he discovers that the Battle of Kosovo, fought in 1389, is the rallying cry for modern nationalists, who view the past as prophecy. In Turkey, PKK terrorist leader Apo reveals that he still considers himself an unloved child and orders his army of Kurdish women to remain virgins because of his own disgust with "unclean" adult behavior. In Latvia, after the dissolution of the USSR, Dr. Volkan learns that ethnic Latvians plan to disinter corpses and segregate cemeteries in an attempt to establish a national identity separate from that of Russia. Drawing on a variety of disciplines, Dr. Volkan analyzes these issues of identity formation, perceived versus real threats, the persistence of past traumas, and the desire for revenge. The result is a work that lays the foundation for understanding the differences between ethnic groups as well as the common ground they share.
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Abdullah African American aggression American anxiety Arab Baltic Battle of Kosovo became began border Bosnia-Herzegovina Bosnian Muslims Bucharest Byzantine Byzantine Empire Ceaužescu century child chosen glories chosen trauma Christian communist create Croats CSMHI cultural Cypriot Greeks Cypriot Turks death dialogue emotional enemy Estonians ethnic groups ethnic tent ethnic terrorist external father fear feelings forces Freud Greek group identity Hezbollah human humiliation Hungarian Hutu Ibid identified independence individual internal Islamic Israelis Itzkowitz killed Kurdish Kurds large group large-group identity Latvians Lazar living in Estonia Mehmet mental representation military MiloS Milosevic mother mourning Murat Nazi Ottoman Empire Paldiski Palestinian parents participants perceived percent political population problems projections psychoanalysts psychological regression religious remained republics revolution Romanian Russian sense Serbian Serbs Soviet Union sultan symbol terrorism terrorist leaders threat Transylvania Turkey Turkish Tutsi unconscious unintegrated victims village Volkan Yugoslavia
Page 16 - Accordingly, a conflict is defined "as a prolonged combat between the military forces of two or more governments, or of one government and at least one organized armed group, and incurring the battle-related deaths of at least 1,000 people during the entire conflict.
Page 65 - This one word pointed to the black past-five centuries. In it exists the whole of our sad past— the tragedy of Prince Lazar and the entire Serbian people .... Each of us created for himself a picture of Kosovo while we were still in the cradle. Our mothers lulled us to sleep with the songs of Kosovo, and in our schools our teachers never ceased in their stories of Lazar and Milos .... My God, what awaited us! To see a liberated Kosovo. The words of the commander were like music to us and soothed...
Page 99 - Fundamentally one wonders why there should \x. anything singular about a Negro's mental troubles. We would like to answer that right away. There is nothing reported in the literature or in the experience of any clinician known to the authors that suggests that black people function differently psychologically from anyone else.
Page 121 - The mention of Greece fills the mind with the most exalted sentiments and arouses in our bosoms the best feelings of which our nature is susceptible.
Page 76 - By order of the Islamic fundamentalists from Sarajevo, healthy Serbian women from 17 to 40 years of age are being separated out and subjected to special treatment. According to their sick plans going back many years, these women have to be impregnated by orthodox Islamic seeds in order to raise a generation of janissaries on the territories they surely consider to be theirs, the Islamic republic. In other words, a fourfold crime is to be committed against the Serbian woman: to remove her from her...
Page 108 - Freud observed in passing that 'it is precisely the minor differences in people who are otherwise alike that form the basis of feelings of strangeness and hostility between them'.