The Geographical, Natural and Civil History of Chili: The natural history of Chili

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I. Riley, 1808 - Natural history
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Page 75 - Gold, of all the metals, is that which is most abundant in Chili, and it may be said that there is not a mountain or hill but contains it in a greater "or less degree ; it is found also in the sands of the plains, but more especially in those washed down by the brooks and rivers.
Page 11 - The temperature of the air is so mild and equable, that the Spaniards give it the preference to that of the Southern provinces in their native country. The fertility of the soil corresponds with the benignity of the climate, and is wonderfully accommodated to European productions. The most valuable of these, corn, wine, and oil, abound in Chili, as if they bad been native to the country.
Page 34 - Pehuenches, in 34 des;. 4-0 min. latitude, are eleven springs of very clear and limpid water, which overflows the surface, and becomes crystallized into a salt as white as snow. This valley is about fifteen miles in circumference, and is entirely covered, for the depth of six feet, with a crust of salt, which is collected by the inhabitants in large pieces, and used for all domestic purposes. The surrounding mountains afford no external indication of mineral salt, but they must necessarily abound...
Page 187 - ... eyes are of a reddish brown, and the pupils black. The beak is four inches long, very large and crooked, black at its base, and white towards the point The greater quills of the wings are usually two feet nine inches long, and one-third of an inch in diameter. The thigh is ten inches and two-thirds in length, but the leg does not exceed six inches; the foot is furnished with four strong toes; the hindmost of which is about two inches long, with but one joint, and a black nail an inch in length;...
Page 209 - As it is a common practice for the husbandmen to fasten two of their horses together in the fields, whenever the pagi finds them in this situation it kills one and drags it away, compelling the other to follow by striking it from time to time with its paw, and in this manner...
Page 14 - Some of them are of a great height, and more than eight feet in diameter, which is proportion ably more than eight yards in circumference, so that four men, joining hand in hand, could not compass them. Among others, we found the pepper tree, or winter's bark, in great plenty. Among these woods, notwithstanding the coldness of the climate, there are innumerable parrots, and other...
Page 11 - Though bordering on the torrid zone, it never feels the extremity of the heat, being screened on the east by the Andes, and refreshed from the west by cooling sea-breezes. The temperature of the air is so mild and equable, that the Spaniards give it the preference to that of the Southern provinces in their native country.
Page 55 - are to be seen a great number of flat circular stones, of five or six inches in diameter, with a hole through the middle. These stones, which are of either granite or porphyry, have doubtless received this form by artificial means, and I am induced to believe that they were the clubs or maces of the ancient Chilians, and that the holes were perforated to receive the handles."* Colonel 0.

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