History Of Botany (1530-1860)
Julius von Sachs (1832–1897) was a German botanist from Breslau, Prussian Silesia. In Sachs 'History of Botany' he has made it his chief object to discover the first dawning of scientific ideas and to follow them as they developed into comprehensive theories, for in this lies the true history of a science. Sachs singles out those men as the true heroes of our story who not only established new facts, but gave birth to fruitful thoughts and made a speculative use of empirical material.
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Phytotomy founded by Malpighi and Grew 16711682
17th century afterwards Algae anatomy animals appeared botanists botany Camerarius Candolle carbon carbon dioxide cell-formation cell-walls cells Cesalpino chemical conception connection constancy of species cotyledons Cryptogams Dicotyledons discovery distinguished doctrine embryo endeavoured experiments explain fact fertilisation flower formation fructification fruit Fungi Gärtner genera Grew growth history of development idea important Ingen-Houss investigations juice Jussieu Kaspar Bauhin Koelreuter labours later leaves Linnaeus Malpighi membrane metamorphosis Meyen microscope Mirbel Mohl Mohl’s Moldenhawer Monocotyledons morphology movements Nägeli natural affinities natural system nutrition of plants observations organs parenchyma Phanerogams phenomena philosophical phytotomists phytotomy pith Plantarum pollen pollen-grains pollen-tube principles processes produced protoplasm question recognised regarded remarks rind roots says Schleiden scientific seed spermatozoids spiral Sprengel stamens stem stomata structure substance systematic botany systematists Thallophytes theory tissue treatise Treviranus true vascular bundles vegetable kingdom vegetable physiology vessels vital force whole Wolff wood woody