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Page ii - It has been subjected to the Agency's peer and administrative review and has been approved for publication as an EPA document. Mention of trade names or commercial products does not constitute endorsement or recommendation for use.
Page 40 - The chemical manufacturer, importer or employer preparing the material safety data sheet shall ensure that the information recorded accurately reflects the scientific evidence used in making the hazard determination. If the chemical manufacturer, importer or employer...
Page 40 - ... caused by vinyl chloride exposure. thus making it easier to ascertain that the occupational exposure was the primary causative factor. More often. however. the effects are common. such as lung cancer. The situation is further complicated by the fact that most chemicals have not been adequately tested to determine their health hazard potential. and data do not exist to substantiate these effects. There have been many attempts to categorize effects and to define them in various ways. Generally....
Page 32 - Chronic" effects generally occur as a result of long-term exposure, and are of long duration. The acute effects referred to most frequently are those defined by the American National Standards Institute (ANSI) standard for Precautionary Labeling of Hazardous Industrial Chemicals (Z129.1-1982) — irritation, corrosivity, sensitization and lethal dose.
Page 59 - ... monitoring systems. Chlorine gas escaping from a ruptured tank is an example. Table 12-9 summarizes some of the most useful literature items for conducting an assessment of toxic chemicals in the environment. Table 12-9. Sources of Information Parameter Source General References National Research Council, Committee on Toxicology. Principles and Procedures for Evaluating the Toxicity of Household Substances, National Academy of Sciences, (Washington, DC: 1964).
Page 28 - EPA has concluded that making use of existing surveys, particularly the Consumer Product Safety Commission's (CPSC) National Electronic Injury Surveillance System (NEISS) and the National Center for Health Statistics' National Hospital Discharge Survey (NHDS), and supplementing them with additional data collection specific to pesticides, as well as increasing coverage of hospitals in rural areas, would be more cost effective than initiating a new data collection system.