Important Bird Areas in the Middle East
M. I. Evans
BirdLife International, Jan 1, 1994 - Bird refuges - 410 pages
The Middle East contains some of the largest wetland, steppedesert and marine ecosystems in the world, providing habitats formore than 800 species of bird, of which more than 60 are endemic.This book identifies and describes the 391 sites most importantfor the conservation of these birds and other biodiversity. Maps,tables and line drawings show site locations, species andpopulation data. The whole Middle East is covered, from the Levantand Arabia to the West Himalayas.The only book of its kind, Important Bird Areas in the Middle Eastis currently being used by conservationists developing systems ofsite protection in Iraq and Afghanistan."Its usefulness to conservationists cannot be overstated"- Birding World."An essential tool for decision makers in the Middle East, butwill also become an invaluable guide for visiting birdwatchers"- Species.
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Anser Aythya nyroca BirdLife International Birds See box box for key breeding species include Caracal Ciconia coastal Common resident common summer visitor Conservation issues conservation measures declining species desert Emberiza endemic Fairly common Further reading Gazella Globally threatened species grazing Grus habitat Haur Himantopus Hypocolius important Important Bird Areas Iran islands Jabal key species known to BirdLife lake large numbers Larus Marmaronetta angustirostris marshes measures are known Middle East mountains mudflats Nature Reserve Neophron percnopterus numbers occur Oenanthe Oman passage migrant Pelecanus crispus Phragmites plains population Breeding pairs Probably breeds Protected Area Ramsar Ramsar Convention Ramsar Site raptors recorded Regionally threatened river Saudi Arabia seabirds small numbers Socotra Species restricted wholly steppe Sylvia Tamarix threatened or declining threatened/endemic wildlife threatened/endemic wildlife Mammals threats valley Vanellus vegetation Wadi waterbirds waterfowl wetland wholly or largely wildlife None known winter visitor max Wintering Passage woodland Yemen