Comparative Indo-European Linguistics: An Introduction
This book gives a comprehensive introduction to Comparative Indo-European Linguistics. It starts with a presentation of the languages of the family (from English and the other Germanic languages, the Celtic and Slavic languages, Latin, Greek and Sanskrit through Armenian and Albanian) and a discussion of the culture and origin of the Indo-Europeans, the speakers of the Indo-European proto-language.The reader is introduced into the nature of language change and the methods of reconstruction of older language stages, with many examples (from the Indo-European languages). A full description is given of the sound changes, which makes it possible to follow the origin of the different Indo-European languages step by step. This is followed by a discussion of the development of all the morphological categories of Proto-Indo-European.
The book presents the latest in scholarly insights, like the laryngeal and glottalic theory, the accentuation, the ablaut patterns, and these are systematically integrated into the treatment.
The text of this second edition has been corrected and updated by Michiel de Vaan. Sixty-six new exercises enable the student to practice the reconstruction of PIE phonology and morphology.
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2 The IndoEuropean Family of Languages
3 The Culture and Origin of the IndoEuropeans
4 Sound Change
6 Other FormChanges
7 Vocabulary Changes
13 The Substantive
14 The Adjective
15 The Pronoun
16 The Numerals
17 Indeclinable Words
18 The Verb
Other editions - View all
ablaut accent accusative adjective Albanian analogy aorist Armenian athematic Avestan Balto-Slavic became Beekes Celtic century B.C. comparative linguistics conﬁrmed consonant culture dative derived dialects diﬂerent diphthongs disappeared ending English example Exercise explained ﬁnd ﬁrst forms full grade gen.sg genitive Germanic glottal glottalized consonants Goth Gothic Greek Gruyter Heidelberg Hitt Hittite indicate Indo-European languages Indo-Iranian inﬂection inﬂuence inscriptions Kortlandt laryngeal Latin Leiden lengthened Lithuanian long vowel meaning middle neuter nom.sg nominative nouns o-stems obstruent OCS Lith ofthe oldest original paradigm participle PGmc phoneme PIE Skt plural probably pronouns Proto-Germanic Proto-Indo-European Reconstruct the PIE reduplication reﬂect Rigveda root Sanskrit Section SGIEIU singular Slavic sonant sound changes sound law stem stops subjunctive suffix texts thematic Toch Tocharian velar verb voiceless Wiesbaden word Yamnaya zero grade