Alexander "Fighting Elleck" Hays: The Life of a Civil War General, from West Point to the Wilderness
Although he never achieved the renown of Ulysses S. Grant or Robert E. Lee, General Alexander Hays was one of the great military men of the Civil War.
Born July 8, 1819, in Franklin, Pennsylvania, Hays graduated from West Point and served with distinction during the Mexican War. When the Civil War began a few years later, it was no surprise that Hays immediately volunteered and was given the initial rank of colonel with a later meritorious promotion to general. Hays was also known for his concern for his men, a fact that no doubt contributed to the acclaim which he received after his death on May 5, 1864, at the age of 44.
From West Point to the Civil War, this biography takes a look at Hays's life, concentrating--with good cause--on his military career. Personal correspondence and contemporary sources are used to complete the picture of a complex man, devoted husband and father, and gifted and dedicated soldier.
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ONE Sam Hayss Son
TWO Alexander Is the Best Rider at West Point
FOUR I Have Not Yet Determined on a Profession
Colonel Alex Hays
The Peninsula Campaign
Second Bull Run
EIGHT Alex Hays Has Triumphed
NINE The Angel of Death Alone Can Produce Such a Field
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26th New York 28th Congress 4th Connecticut 63rd Pennsylvania a›air Adjutant General’s O‡ce Alex Hays Alex Hays's letter Alex Hays’s Alex’s Alexander Hays Allegheny Allegheny College Annie Hays April Army artillery attack Bachelder Papers battle cadets Campaign Captain Charles Colonel Hays Confederate corps commanders di›erent division commander e›ect enemy eral February ﬁeld ﬁght ﬁghting ﬁre ﬁring ﬁrst ﬁve ﬂag ﬂank Fleming Franklin George Gettysburg Grant Halleck Hancock Harpers Ferry Hays’s letter Heintzelman diaries Historical Society History horse ibid II Corps Infantry July June Kearny Kearny’s Lee’s letter to Annie letter to John Lieutenant Longstreet Major March McCalmont McClellan McFadden Meade Meade’s Mexican miles National Archives o›ered o‡cers o‡cial ordered Peninsula Peninsula Campaign pickets Pittsburgh Potomac recalled Record Group 94 Red Patch reﬂected regiment Richmond Road skirmishers soldiers su›ered troops U.S. Army U.S. Military Academy Union USMA USMA Library Venango County Warren West Point William wounded