Kant's Dialectic. (1. Publ.)

Front Cover
CUP Archive, Jun 20, 1974 - Philosophy - 291 pages
Jonathan Bennett here examines the second half of the Critique of Pure Reason, the Dialectic, where Kant is concerned with problems about substance, the nature of the self, the cosmos, freedom and the existence of God. In this study of the Dialectic in English, the author aims to make accessible and intelligible to students this complex and extremely important part of Kant's great work. There are also extended comparative discussions of related work by some of the most influential of Kant's predecessors, in particular Descartes and Leibniz. As in his earlier book, Professor Bennett offers not passive exegesis but critical assessment; he approaches Kant from the standpoint of contemporary analytical philosophy, identifying those arguments and issues of most continuing interest, and engaging with Kant in discussion of them. His purpose throughout is 'not history with a special subject-matter, but philosophy with a special technique'.
 

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Contents

INTRODUCTION 1 Locating the subjectmatter
1
The main topics
3
Background materials
5
CONCEPTS AND INTUITIONS 4 The sensoryintellectual continuum
9
freedom page
10
Trouble from the continuum
12
Kants breakthrough
16
Content v activity
20
LIMITS 47 Leibniz on space
143
Leibniz on vacuum
146
Why the world is not finite
151
Other arguments
155
Why the world did not begin
159
DIVISIBILITY 52 Simple substances
163
The divisibility of the extended
164
Real divisibility
167

Concepts and judgments
23
Conceptempiricism
26
The theory of categories
30
Categories and innate ideas
35
SUBSTANCES AND REALITY 12 Substances and aggregates
40
Cartesian substances
42
Leibniz on substances and reality
44
Leibniz on relations and reality
46
Kant on reality
49
Things in themselves
52
Imposition and things in themselves
54
Substances as sempiternal
56
The balance principle
59
Existencechanges and quantifiers
62
THE SUBSTANTIALITY OF THE SOUL 22 The Cartesian basis
66
The search for the thinking subject
69
The soul as substance
72
Inflating the first paralogism
76
My death
78
THE SIMPLICITY OF THE SOUL page 27 The soul as simple
82
Mental fission
85
Mental disunity
87
Simplicity and immateriality
90
blind alleys
93
Locating the third paralogism
94
Quasimemory
97
Kants observer
100
Identity and substrata
103
two sources
105
four consequences
108
Strawson on the paralogisms
111
INFINITY 39 The antinomies chapter
114
The limits of the world
117
Infinite tasks
121
The futurizing move
123
Infinite number
125
Numbers and natural numbers
129
The weakening move
132
Infinite and indefinite
137
Kant against atomism
170
Substance and substances
174
The supposed infinity problem
177
The divisibility of space
180
The third antinomy
184
From cosmology to humanity
187
The skeleton of a theory
189
A reconciliation?
193
Hume and Schlick
195
Restricting determinism
199
When does freedom occur?
201
Reactive attitudes
204
Kant and reactivity
209
Agency
211
Selfprediction
214
Kant and agency
218
Excuses for Kants theory
223
GOD 72 The KantFrege view
228
Existence and necessary existence
232
Why Malcolms argument fails
235
Aquinass third way
237
The fourth antinomy
240
The cosmological argument
243
The second step
247
Kants attack
250
The radical criticism
253
The argument from design
255
REASON 82 Inferences of reason
258
Ascending reason
260
Conditions
264
The source of dialectical error
267
Regulative principles
270
Are there any regulative principles?
274
Regulative and constitutive
275
The architectonic of the Dialectic
280
Reason and cosmology
284
Index
289
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