The Origins of Philosophy in Ancient Greece and India: A Historical Comparison
Why did Greek philosophy begin in the sixth century BCE? Why did Indian philosophy begin at about the same time? Why did the earliest philosophy take the form that it did? Why was this form so similar in Greece and India? And how do we explain the differences between them? These questions can only be answered by locating the philosophical intellect within its entire societal context, ignoring neither ritual nor economy. The cities of Greece and northern India were in this period distinctive also by virtue of being pervasively monetised. The metaphysics of both cultures is marked by the projection (onto the cosmos) and the introjection (into the inner self) of the abstract, all-pervasive, quasi-omnipotent, impersonal substance embodied in money (especially coinage). And in both cultures this development accompanied the interiorisation of the cosmic rite of passage (in India sacrifice, in Greece mystic initiation).
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4A Constructing the Self
6A From Diversity to Wholeness
The Powerful Individual
7B The Interiorisation of Autocracy
The Formation of Monism
Psuchē and the Interiorisation of MysteryCult
Monism and Inner Self
Money and Inner Self in Greece
Community and Individual
The Complex Imagining of Universe and Inner Self
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