Medieval Trade in the Mediterranean World: Illustrative Documents

Front Cover
Columbia University Press, Jun 1, 2010 - History - 496 pages
1 Review

This collection of merchant documents is essential reading for any student of economic developments in the Middle Ages who wishes to go beyond the level of textbook summaries. Different aspects of economic life in the Mediterranean world are delineated in the light of a rich variety of articles and other contemporary writings, drawn from Muslim and Christian sources. From commercial contracts, promissory notes, and judicial acts to working manuals of practical geography and philology, this volume of documents provides an unparalleled portrait of the world of medieval commerce.

 

What people are saying - Write a review

We haven't found any reviews in the usual places.

Contents

INTRODUCTION
3
NOTE ON COINAGE WEIGHTS AND OTHER TECHNICAL TERMS
10
At the Origins of the Commercial Revolution
17
COMMERCE IN THE BYZANTINE EMPIRE THE MUSLIM EAST AND THE CATHOLIC WEST
19
Merchants and Commerce in Muslim Syria
23
The Flow of Merchandise to the Heart of the Muslim World
27
The Jewish Role in World Trade
29
The Meeting of East and West in Southern Italy
33
Piracy and War Booty
222
Syria and Southern Germany
224
Trade in Shares of the Funded Public Debt
226
INFORMAL COMMERCIAL PAPERS
229
Bills of Exchange
231
A Notarial Letter of Payment
232
A Letter of Credit
233
A Promissory Note
234

Traces of International Trade in Southern France
35
Merchants Passports and Customs in the Lombard Hinterland
36
Commercial Investments and Real Estate of a Venetian Doge
38
Private Documents of Lombard Italy
41
Markets Merchants Merchandise and Means of Exchange During the Commercial Revolution
49
THE DEVELOPMENT OF MARKETS
51
The Permanent Market in Milan in the Tenth Century
54
Trade in Lombardy Before the Rise of the Communes
56
Milan in 1288
60
Florence a Masterpiece of the Commercial Revolution
69
A North African City at Its Medieval Zenith
74
Rural Markets and Urban Shopping Centers
75
Markets and Peddlers in Underdeveloped Areas
77
Mediterranean Merchants at the International Fairs
79
Special Buildings for Foreign Traders
84
THE GROWTH OF THE MERCHANT CLASS
87
The Increasing Importance of the Itinerant Merchant
89
Commercial Investments of Noblemen
92
Merchants in Frontier Towns
95
The Church and the Merchants
101
Jews and Christians in Trade and Money Lending
103
THE DIVERSIFICATION OF MERCHANDISE
108
Buying and Selling Works of Art
114
Slave Trade
115
Trade in Foodstuffs and Its Impact on Agriculture
116
Raw Materials
119
Trade in Manufactured Goods
123
Monopolies and Cartels
126
The Flow of Merchandise to a Trading City
130
Statistical Data on the Flow of Merchandise
135
THE EVOLUTION OF THE MEANS OF EXCHANGE
143
Spices Used to Supplement Coins
145
Hard Currencies Moneys of Account and Credit Money
147
Seasonal Fluctuations in the Money Market
150
Weights and Measures
152
Commercial Contracts and Commercial Investments
155
LOANS AND THE PROBLEM OF INTEREST
157
A Contract Openly Mentioning Interest
158
Restitution of Interest
159
Interest Driven Underground
160
THE CONTRACT OF EXCHANGE AND ITS DOUBLE FUNCTION
162
Contracts of Exchange or Loans in Disguise?
164
An Exchange Transaction Posted in a Ledger
165
Dry Exchange Contracts
166
THE SEA LOAN AND THE SEA EXCHANGE
168
The Straight Sea Loan
169
The Mating of the Sea Loan with Exchange
171
Dry Sea Exchange
172
THE COMMENDA CONTRACT
174
The Venetian Commenda or Collegantia
176
The Genoese Commenda and Societas
179
Other Examples of Commenda
180
Shares of a Ship Given in Commenda
181
Commenda Contracts of Humble People
182
Interchangeability of Investor and Traveling Party
183
PARTNERSHIPS AND OTHER CONTRACTS USED IN LAND TRADE
185
The Venetian Fraterna Compagnia
187
Societates Terrae Resembling Commenda Contracts
188
Intermediate Forms of Partnership
190
The Compagnia Contract in Tuscany
196
DEPOSITORS FACTORS AND COMMISSION AGENTS
212
Deposit Contracts
214
Factor and Commission Contracts
215
SOME OTHER FORMS OF AGREEMENT
221
Orders of Payment
235
The Route and the Thorns Along It
237
TRANSPORTATION BY SEA
239
A Bill of Lading
245
Armed Escort for a Merchantman
246
Freight Charge Canceled on Account of Shipwreck
247
TRANSPORTATION BY LAND
248
Transportation on the River Po
249
Carriers and Invoice Letters
250
A Case in Comparative Costs
251
THE DEVELOPMENT OF INSURANCE CONTRACTS
255
Rent Insurance and Loan Insurance
256
More Mature Forms of Insurance Contracts
259
An Insurance Claim
261
Insurance as a Regular Business
263
COMMERCIAL LITIGATION AND SHARP BUSINESS PRACTICES
266
Litigation over Transport Contracts
267
Litigation over the Quality of Merchandise
270
Loan Sharks at Work
273
Canon Law as a Pretext for Breaking Contracts
276
Protests Concerning Unpaid Debts
278
A Controversy over the Accounting of a Commenda
280
A Journey to Delhi and Its Legal Aftermath
281
BUSINESS FAILURES AND THEIR SETTLEMENT
290
Procedures for Settling Bankruptcies
291
the Ruin of a Great Merchant Company
298
INTERNATIONAL DISPUTES OVER TRADE
303
Strains between East and West
305
Seeking Justice in Cyprus
318
Fruitless Good Will Efficient Bad Will
322
Northern Italy Protects Foreign Merchants
324
Genoa Applies Sanctions Against Persia
325
LEGAL RESTRICTIONS OF TRADE
327
Tools and Ideas
339
MANUALS
341
Practical Arithmetic
343
Practical Geography
345
Practical Philology
346
Advice for Buyers
348
Traveling to China
355
THE PROGRESS OF ACCOUNTING METHODS
359
Early Bookkeeping Methods
361
A Final Balance Sheet
370
DoubleEntry Bookkeeping
372
COMMERCIAL CORRESPONDENCE
378
Notarised Letters and Informal Notes
379
Letters of Instruction
380
The Lures of Exploration
382
Solidarity of Muslim and Christian Merchants
384
Reports from the Fairs of Champagne
388
The Many Troubles of a Moneylender
394
News from Genoa
400
News from Bruges
403
MORAL STANDARDS AND PRACTICAL ADVICE
408
Rules for Succeeding in Business
410
Oath of the Money Changers
418
Gods Credit Entry
419
DowntoEarth Advice from Florence
420
This above all
424
WORKS CITED
427
BIBLIOGRAPHY
447
INDEX
461
Copyright

Other editions - View all

Common terms and phrases

Popular passages

Page 429 - Actes des notaires génois de Péra et de Caffa de la fin du treizième siècle (1281-1290). Bucharest, 1927. 'Les Etudes byzantines d'histoire économique et sociale,' By^antion, XIV, * (»939), 497-5".

References to this book

All Book Search results »

About the author (2010)

Robert S. Lopez was professor of history at Yale University.

Irving W. Raymond was professor of history at Brooklyn College of the City University of New York.

Olivia Remie Constable is associate professor of history at the University of Notre Dame.

Bibliographic information