North-East India: Land, People and Economy
North-East India, comprising the seven contiguous states around Assam, the principal state of the region, is a relatively unknown, yet very fascinating region. The forest clad peripheral mountains, home to indigenous peoples like the Nagas, Mizos and the Khasis, the densely populated Brahmaputra valley with its lush green tea gardens and the golden rice fields, the moderately populated hill regions and plateaus, and the sparsely inhabited Himalayas, form a unique mosaic of natural and cultural landscapes and human interactions, with unparalleled diversity. The book provides a glimpse into the region’s past and gives a comprehensive picture of its physical environment, people, resources and its economy. The physical environment takes into account not only the structural base of the region, its physical characteristics and natural vegetation but also offers an impression of the region’s biodiversity and the measures undertaken to preserve it. The people of the region, especially the indigenous population, inhabiting contrasting environments and speaking a variety of regional and local dialects, have received special attention, bringing into focus the role of migration that has influenced the traditional societies, for centuries. The book acquaints the readers with spatial distribution, life style and culture of the indigenous people, outlining the unique features of each tribe. The economy of the region, depending originally on primitive farming and cottage industries, like silkworm rearing, but now greatly transformed with the emergence of modern industries, power resources and expanding trade, is reviewed based on authentic data and actual field observations. The epilogue, the last chapter in the book, summarizes the authors’ perception of the region and its future.
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Agartala agricultural Ahoms Aizawl Arunachal Pradesh Assam Assamese bamboo Bangladesh Barail range Barak Barpeta Bengal Bodos border Brahmaputra plain Brahmaputra valley British Cachar plain capital Census of India centre century crops culture Darrang Delhi Dhubri Dibrugarh Dimapur Disang eastern economic flood forests Frontier Garo Hills Goalpara Government growth Guwahati Hills district Himalayas Hindu immigrants Imphal important Indo-Aryan industrial Jaintia Hills Jorhat Kacharis Kamarupa Kamrup Karbi-Anglong Khasi known Koch Kohima Kopili Kukis Lakhimpur land language large number located Lushai Manipur Meghalaya Meghalaya plateau migration Mizoram Mizos Mongoloid mountainous Muslims Naga Hills Nagaland Nagaon North Cachar Hills North-East India North-East region North-Eastern region occupied organised period Photo population density production railway rainfall rice river Scheduled Tribes shifting cultivation Shillong Sibsagar Sikkim Subansiri Sylhet Table temperature terrain territory Tertiary Tinsukia total population towns tribal groups tribal population tributaries Tripura urban urbanisation villages western zone