The Field and Garden Vegetables of America: Containing Full Descriptions of Nearly Eleven Hundred Species and Varieties ; with Directions for Propagation, Culture, and Use

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William F. Gill, 1874 - Vegetable gardening - 667 pages
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Page 628 - Mareh, or in the open ground as soon as the frost will permit. As the plants, even in the most favorable seasons, seldom perfectly mature their full crop, they should be started as early and forwarded as rapidly as possible, whether by hot-bed or open-air culture. If the seeds are sown in a hot-bed, the drills should be made five inches apart, and half an inch deep. When the plants are two inches high, they should be removed to another part of the bed, and pricked out four or five inches apart, or...
Page 161 - Om*healthy and vigorous, six to ten feet in length ; fruit straight and well formed, five inches and a half long, and two inches and a half in diameter ; skin deep green, paler at the blossom-end, changing to clear yellow as it approaches maturity, and, when fully ripe, of a yellowish, russet-brown color ; flesh greenish-white, rather seedy, but tender, and of an agreeable flavor.
Page 443 - The ripe bean is white, kidney-shaped, flattened, often twisted or contorted, three fourths of an inch in length, and three eighths of an inch in width.
Page 388 - After the plants have been cut about three times, they begin to stock, and then the oftener they are cut the better: in summer, it is necessary to keep them very closely cut, and in water of a proper depth; and with a good soil, each bed supplies a gathering once a week. In winter, the water should be rather deeper than in summer (four or five inches): to obtain this, the plants are left with more head, that the water may be thus impeded.
Page 97 - May and June of the second year, and the seeds, ripen in July. The latter are small, round, black, or reddish-brown, and are similar, .in size, form, and color, in the different varieties: ten thousand are contained in an ounce, and they retain their vitality from five to seven years. Propagation and Culture. — All the sorts are propagated by seeds, which should be sown where the plants are to remain. Sowings for...
Page 569 - ... side uppermost), till the pile is three feet high : next cover it with a small portion of warm horse dung, sufficient in quantity to diffuse a gentle glow through the whole. When the spawn has spread itself through every part of the bricks, the process is ended, and they must be laid up in a dry place for use.
Page 568 - It is most readily distinguished, when of middle size, by its fine pink or flesh-colored gills, and pleasant smell ; in a more advanced stage, the gills become of a chocolate color, and it is then more apt to be confounded with other kinds of dubious quality ; but that species which most nearly resembles it, is slimy to the touch, and destitute of the...
Page 416 - Sow the seeds thick along the drills, at the rate of five or six pounds per acre, and rake them in evenly. * When the plants are two or three inches high, thin them to the distance of six or eight inches in the rows. They should be kept free from weeds, by regular hoeings through the...
Page 466 - ... variety. Sown in May, or at the beginning of settled weather, the plants blossomed in six weeks, afforded string-beans in seven weeks, pods for shelling in ten or eleven weeks, and ripened in ninety days, from the time of planting. From sowings made later in the season, pods were plucked for the table in six weeks, and ripened beans in seventy-five days. Plantings for supplying the table with string-beans may be made until the last week in July. The ripe beans are white, spotted and marked about...

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