Birds, Volume 2

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Taylor & Francis, 1890 - Birds

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Page 57 - ... (Lucas, Proc. US Nat. Mus., xiii, 343.) The following additional characters of the Sittida; are given by Oates, in his "Birds of British India," i, 298: "The intrinsic muscles of the syrinx fixed to the ends of the bronchial semirings; the edges of both mandibles smooth, or the upper one simply notched; hinder aspect of tarsus smooth, composed of two entire longitudinal...
Page 8 - ... wings with ten primaries; tongue nontubular; nostrils clear of the line of forehead, the lower edge of the nostril nearer to the commissure than the upper edge is to the culmen; plumage of the nestling resembling that of the adult female, but paler; nostrils overhung by some hairs; rictal bristles present; rectrices twelve; hind toe and inner front toe very unequal in length; sexes generally different in color; ал autumn moult only." «With regard to the "quite doubtful...
Page 319 - Male ..8 14 4.6 3.25 0.9 0.35 0.7 Female .. 7.25 13.25 4.45 2.95 0.9 0.32 0.65 All dimensions vary as in most larks. The iris is deep reddish brown, bill blackish above, bluish grey below, tarsi and upper surface of toes (in May) black in the male, dusky in the female, claws the same, soles of feet whitish. I only met with the horned lark at high elevations; during the summer it never appears to descend below the higher plateaux, and I generally met with it on all which exceed 8000 feet above the...
Page 57 - ... British India:"" The intrinsic muscles of the syrinx fixed to the ends of the bronchial semi-rings; the edges of both mandibles smooth, or the upper one simply notched; hinder aspect of tarsus bilaminated, the lamina; entire and smooth; wing with ten primaries; nostrils always clear of the line of the forehead, the space between the nostril and the edge of the mandible less than the space between the nostril and the...
Page 323 - Weight from 1"25 oz. to 2'13 oz. DESCRIPTION. — Legs and feet fleshy or yellowish fleshy, more or less dusky at joints ; claws dusky ; irides brown, in some light brown. Bill, horny brown, or blackish horny on upper mandible, lower mandible greenish horny changing to yellow at base and gape. well believe, grand songsters in the nuptial season, but they leave us with the first breath of the hot wind, and breed, it is believed, in...
Page 380 - Prionochilits and Pachyglossa in possessing only nine primaries. From Dicaeum it may be recognized by its very large, coarse bill, and from Piprisoma by its ronnded tau and the numerous hairs which cover the nostrils.
Page 47 - ... and the whole upper plumage rich chestnut ; the median tail-feathers grow to a great length, and are retained till May or June, when they are cast.
Page 8 - Flycatchers feed on insects, which they either catch on the wing, starting from a perch to which they usually return several times, or by running with the aid of their wings along the limbs of trees. They seldom or never descend to the ground.
Page 95 - Kashmir, extending on the west to Hazara and Afghanistan and on to Asia Minor. The most easterly locality from which I have seen a specimen of this bird is Kotokhai in the Himalayas. In summer this Redstart is found in Turkestan, and even in Mongolia and Siberia, if R. alaschanica, Prjev., should prove to be the same species, as is probable.
Page 209 - I think it is advisable to keep distinct. There is a very marked difference in size between the Himalayan birds and L. curvirostra, from Northern Europe, on the one hand, and L. japonica, from Japan, on the other ; and the only Crossbills which approach the Indian birds in size are some from America.

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