Germany, Turkey, and Zionism 1897-1918
Transaction Publishers, Sep 1, 1997 - History - 461 pages
For the most part, studies on Zionism as an international movement have centered on Great Britain. Professor Friedman has focused on a new point of view. Using unpublished official German and Zionist records and contemporary diaries, memoirs, and other private sources, he proves conclusively that in spite of the opposition of her Turkish ally, the German government emerged as the foremost protector of the Zionist cause during World War I. Germany was the first European power to view Zionist aspirations with favor. Friedman argues that had it not been for her persistent intervention with the Turkish government, the Jewish community in Palestine would not have survived.
Apart from propaganda value, Germany discovered in Zionism an instrument for solving the Jewish problem in Eastern Europe after the war and a means for strengthening its own influence in the Middle East. Moreover, by maintaining good relations with German officials and the press, the German Zionists inadvertently created an atmosphere of competition among the European Powers, and thus indirectly accelerated the publication of Balfour's Declaration.
Friedman's revealing study is a comprehensive and definitive work on a little known aspect of German-Turkish-Zionist relations, and complements his previous book, "The Question of Palestine, "also published by Transaction. The book was hailed upon publication as "a careful and intelligent use of the many available sources" by the "Times Literary Supplement; ""a persuasive, nourishing and durable study, eminently readable" by "Middle East Journal; "and "a fascinating story in which the heroes are German Zionists who managed to win the protection of the German government" in "Choice."
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The Jews in Palestine under Ottoman Rule 15171856
The System of Capitulations and its Effects on TurcoJewish Relations in Palestine 185697
Before the War 18971914
The First Encounter with Zionism
Negotiations with the Porte
In Search of International Support
The Zionists Desideratum and its Frustration
The Renewed Effort Fails
The Evacuation from Jaffa and its Repercussions
In the Political Wilderness
During the War 19141918
Germany Protects the Zionists in Palestine
Formulation of Policy
The Political Climate in Berlin and Constantinople