Domination and the Arts of Resistance: Hidden Transcripts
Confrontations between the powerless and the powerful are laden with deception - the powerless feign deference and the powerful subtly assert their mastery. Peasants, serfs, untouchables, slaves, labourers, and prisoners are not free to speak their minds in the presence of power. These subordinate groups instead create a secret discourse that represents a critique of power spoken behind the backs of the dominant. At the same time, the powerful also develop a private dialogue about practices and goals of their rule that cannot be openly avowed. In this book, the author, a social scientist, offers a discussion both of the public roles played by the powerful and powerless and the mocking, vengeful tone they display off stage - what he terms their public and hidden transcripts. Using examples from the literature, history, and politics of cultures around the world, the author examines the many guises this interaction has taken throughout history and the tensions and contradictions it reflects.
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2 Domination Acting and Fantasy
3 The Public Transcript as a Respectable Performance
4 False Consciousness or Laying It on Thick?
5 Making Social Space for a Dissident Subculture
The Arts of Political Disguise
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action aggression analysis anger anonymity appearances argument audience authorities behavior believe Brer Rabbit carnival caste chap claim compliance critique czar declaration deference defiance discourse disguise dominant elites dominant ideology E. P. Thompson Early Modern Europe effect elaborate English Civil War euphemisms evidence example expression fact false consciousness fantasy form of domination gestures gossip hegemony hidden transcript historical Ibid imagine infrapolitics insult interpretation kind Learning to Labour less logic Lollardy mask master means negation norms official offstage one's openly pattern peasantry peasants performance political popular culture possible power relations Poyser practices prisoners protest public transcript publicly punishment realm rebellion relatively religion religious represent Revolution revolutionary ritual ruling rumor sense serfdom serfs simply slavery slaves society speak speech squire status structure subordinate groups surveillance symbolic theory threat tion tradition trans typically U.S. South untouchables veiled village workers